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FEATURED ARTICLE

Cu cmjv{Sob bm{XI tIcfs cnp-tam? sk lyq̬ FgpXpq

tIcf¯nent¸mÄ PmYIfpsS ImeamWv. `cWw ]nSn¡m\pw In«nb `cWw ssIhn«pt]mIm¯Xn\pw F§s\sb¦nepw `cWw In«m\pw thïnbpÅXmWo PmYIfpsS `qanimkv{Xw. `cW¯nse A gnaXn ]pd¯p ]dbpIbpw P\ \òbpw e£yam¡nbmWv {]Xn]£w PmY \bn¡pósX¦nð `cW t\«§fpw P\Iob hnIk\hpw ap³\nÀ¯nbpÅ bm{XbmWv `cW I£nbpsS bm{X. aqómw apó Wnsbó \oÀt¡men ]mÀ«nIfpsS PmYbpw CsXms¡ XsóbmWv ]dbpóXv. Fñmhcpw Hcp Imcy¯nð Xp-eycmWv. P\§sf apónð \nÀ¯nbpÅXmWv FóXmWv ChÀ¡p ]dbm\pÅXv. Fñmw P\§Ä¡pthïnbpw \mSnsâ \òbv¡mbn«pw BbXpsImïmsWmcmizmkw Ftó ]dbm\pÅp. AXpsImïp Xsó ChÀs¡ms¡ P\§tfmSv IS¸mSpw {]Xn_²Xbpapsïóp Xsó I-cpXWsaóv FSp¯p ]dtbïImcyanñ. ChcpsS tZi-kvt\lhpw P\ \òbpw Hóp am{XamWv \½psS tIcfw C{X Iïv hnIk\w hósXóp ]et¸mgpw tXmónt]mbn«pïv. ImkÀtImUp apXð ]mdÈmehscbpÅ Cu bm{XIÄ sImïpam{XamWv tIc-fw Atacn¡sbt¸mepw ]nón-em¡ns¡mïv hnIk\¯n-sâ AXypóXnbnð F¯nt¨ÀóXv. AXpsImïmWv _qÀjzmknIfpsS \mSmb KÀ^nepw A-tacn¡bnepw bqtdm]y³ cmPy§fnepw tPmen tXSn ae-bmfnIÄ t]mIm¯Xv. am\¯v Imdpw tImfpw ImWpt¼mÄ ag s]¿m³ km²yXbpsïóv ]dbmdpïv. AXpt]msebmWv Fñm cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIfptSbpw Cu bm{XIÄ ImWpt¼mÄ tXmónt¸mIpóXv. ASp¯p Xsó GtXm Hcp s]mXp sXcsªSp¸v apónð IïpsImïmWv \½psS sIm¨ptIcfw Cf¡n adn¨psImïv ChÀ C§s\ bm{XIÄ \S¯pósXóXn\v bmsXmcp kwibhpanñ. ioXoIcn¨ apdn¡I¯ncpóv cmjv {Sobw Ifn¡pó Cu t\-Xm¡òmÀ HóS¦w aªpw agbpw shbnepw NqSpw XWp¸pw Gäv Ipïpw Ipgnbpw \n-dª a®nð IqSn Cu bm{X \S¯póXv AXpsImïmsWóv Dulnt¡ïnbncn¡póp. DSbm¯ JZdn«psImïv tIm¬{KÊpImcpw B JZdnt\¡mÄ I«nbpÅ shfp¯ hkv{XaWnªpsImïv I½yq-WnÌpImcpw ChÀs¡m¸w s\änbnð ]mÀ«n \ndw C«v cmPykvt\ln ]mÀ«n¡mcpw aen\ ]qcnXamb a®nð IqSn hnbÀs¸mgp¡W sa¦nð P\tkh\w am{Xasñóv P\¯n\v \ómbn Adnbmw. ImcWw P\w Cu cmjv{Sob \mSI§fpw {]lk\ ] Zbm{XIfpw ImWm³ XpS§nbn«v ImetasdbmbnsbóXmWv. P\w CsXmópadnbp-ónñmsbóXmWv ChcpsSsbms¡ Nn´mKXn. Hcp Imcyw AwKoIcnt¨ aXnbmIq. PmYIfpsS Imcy¯nð ChÀ¡pÅ Hs¯mcpa. AXv AwKoIcnt¨ aXnbmIq. Hcp ]mÀ«n Pm-Y {]Jym]n¨mð ASp¯ ]mÀ«n¡mcpw {]Jym]n¡pw. H-tc kabw bm{Xtbm PmYtbm \bn¡msX HcmÄ t]mbXn-\ptijsa ASp¯ BÄ XpS§psbóXpw AwKoIcnt¡ï Hcp hkvXpXbmWv. Npcp¡¯nð AWnIsfsImïv X½n eSn¸n¨v ]mÀ«n hfÀ¯nbmepw t\Xm¡òmÀ X½nð t\À¡pt\À t]mcnsñóp Xsó ]dbmw. AXpw AwKoIcnt¨ aXnbmIq. Imð\S PmYsbóv sIm«ntLmjn¨psImïv \S¯pó Cu bm{XIÄ t\Xm¡òmÀ £oWn¡pó-X\pkcn¨v hml\PmYIfmImdmWv Cu ASp¯ kab¯v tIcf¯nse ]mÀ«n t\Xm¡òmÀ \S¯nb PmYIfnð IqSn ImWm³ IgnªXv. hm-l\¯neqsSbpÅ ]Zbm{XIÄ Fóv ]dbpóXmIpw icnbmbXv. P\s¯ ImWpt¼mÄ Asñ¦nð P\w ImWpt¼mÄ s]mXp \nc¯neqsSbpÅ ]Zbm{X Ahcp ImWm¯t¸mÄ ioXoIcn¨ hml\¯neqsSbpÅ kpJbm{X. ]ïs¯t¸mse sa¿\§n ]WnsbSp¯mð icocw ]Wn apS¡psaóXmWv Ct¸mgs¯ t\Xm¡fpsS icocimkv{Xw. ]WnbmsXmópw sN¿msX icocsam-ópa\§msX ioXoIcn¨ apdn-bnencpóv ioen¨n«pÅ \½psS P\Iob apgph³ kab t\Xm¡òmÀ¡v Aev]w ]Wn-sbSp¯mð icoc¯nð ASnªp IqSnbncn¡pó ]n¯sañmw ]pd¯p hcpsaóXpsImïv XpSÀ¨bmb ]Zbm{X-IÄ ]´ntISmIpsaóv AhÀ-¡p Xsó Adnbmw. Fómð CsXmópw \S¯msXbncn¡m\pw Ignbnñ. Hópw sN¿msX-bncpómð P\w XWp¸³ t\Xmhv Fóp hnfn¡pw CsXms¡ `bón«mWv C§s\sbmcp PmY \bn¡póXv. A\ykwØm\ sXmgnemfnIÄ Cóv tIcf¯nse P\§sf¡mÄ IqSpXepÅXp sImïv Cu PmYIfnsems¡ h³ P\]¦mfn¯w FñmhÀ¡pw AhImis¸Smw. lnµn cmjv{S `mjbmbXpsImïpw Fñm ]mÀ«nIfpw tZiob ]mÀ«nIfmbXpsImïpw lnµnbnð ap{ZmhmIyw hnfn¨mepw AXns\ Ipäs¸Sp¯m³ Ignbnñ. AhÀ hnfn¡pó ap{ZmhmIyw GXmsWóv \ap¡v a\-ÊnemIm¯XpsImïv AXn\pw Bcpw Ipäs¸Sp¯pIbpanñ. A§s\ Bfpw _lfhpambn \mSnf¡nsbmcp almkw`h am¡ns¡mïv tIcf¯nse Fñm cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIfpw P\§fpsS \odpó {]iv\§Ä¡v ]cnlmcapïm¡m³ Cu tIcf bm{XIÄ Imdnepw hm\nepsams¡bmbn ]Z-bm{XIÄ \S¯póXv. Cu bm{XIfnepS\ofw t\Xm¡òmpsS {]-kwK§fnð FXnÀ ]mÀ«n¡mc-sâ AgnaXn {]hÀ¯\§fpw hnIk\ hncp² {]hÀ¯nI-fpambncn¡pw tLmcw tLmc-ambpïmIpóXv. AXpIgnªmð D¯tc´ybnse P\m[n]Xy [zwk\w a\pjy¡pcpXn XpS§nb hnjb§fmbncn¡pw DïmIpI. tIcf¯nð Bcv Bsc sImómepw AXv hnjbamInñ. F{X IpSpw_§Ä AXnsâ t]cnð hgnbm[mcambmepw AXv {]kw-Khnjbtam BImdpanñ. tI-cf¯nsâ hnIk\t¯¡mÄ A\y kwØm\s¯ hnIk\-anñmbvabmbncn¡pw {]kw-K§fnð¡qSn iàhpw hyà-hpam¡póXv. kz´w ho«nð ASp¸v ]pIbm¯Xns\¡pdn¨ñ adn¨v Abð¡mcsâ ho«nð IdnIfpsS F®w IpdªXns\ Ipdn¨mbncn¡pw ]cmXnsbóv cXv\Npcp-¡w. AWnIfpsS CSbnð Bf\¡apïm¡m\pw Ahsc hocyapÅhcm¡n ]mÀ«n kPohambn cmjv{Sob¯nepsïóv s]mXpP\s¯ ImWn¡m\pw thïn am{Xambn Hcp bm{XbmWv tIcf¯nse Fñm ]m À«nIfpw CSbv¡nS¡v \-S¯pó Cu bm{XIsfópam{Xañ AXv Im«n P\s¯ sImª\w Im«pIbpw IqSn sN¿póp. Cu P\Iob bm{XIfnð GsX¦nepsamcp t\Xmhn-sâ a¡tfm `mcytbm Dïmbncp só¦nð AXnð A`n\-µn¡mambncpóp. amÀ¤XSÊ-apïm¡nbpw tdmUp KXmKXw kvXw`n¸n¨pw \S¯pó Cu P\Iob bm{Xbnð km[m-cW¡mcmb P\§Ä¡v _p²nap«pw IjvS¸mSpw DïmIpt¼mÄ `mcybv¡pw a¡Ä¡pw kpJw ]cam\µkpJw FóXmWv Gsd ckIcw. Hcp Imcyapd¸n-¨p ]dbmw tIcf¯nse t\Xm¡Ä aªpw agbpw shbnepw XWp¸ptaäv \S¯bn«pÅ tIcf bm{XIÄ sImïñ \½psS \mSv ]¨]nSn¨Xpw Aev]sa¦nepw hnIk\w {]m]n¨Xpw A\y\m«nð t]mb aebmfnIÄ aªpw agbpw shbnepw XWp¸ptaäv \mSnsâ HmÀ½IÄ DÅnsâbpÅnð kq£n¨v Hcp s\m¼cambn IjvSs¸«v Pohn¨v ]WnsbSp¯psImïphón«pÅ ]Ww sImïmWv \mw ImWpó tIcfw Cópw XebpbÀ¯n \nð¡póXv. kÀ¡mcnsâ ........... ssI¿pw \o«n \nð¡msX _qÀjzIfpsS \m«nð t]mbn ]Wnsb-Sp¡póXpsImïmWv Ah-sâ ASp¸nð \mep t\chpw Xo ]pIbpóXv. Cu bm{XIsfmópw \S¯nbnsñ¦nepw apX-emfn¯ cmjv{S¯nse ]W-apsï¦nð tIcf¯nse Imcy§Ä apdt]mse \S¡psaóv Cu t\Xm¡òmÀ a\Ênem¡póXv \óv. Npcp¡¯nð Cu tIcf bm{XIsfmópw tIcfs¯ c£n¡m³ thïnbñ adn¨v t\Xm¡òmcpsS c£¡m-bn«mWv. AhÀ¡v Aôv hÀjw `cWw t\Sn JP\mhv sImÅSbn¡m³ thïnbpsaóv Xsó ]dbs«. A§s\bpÅ Cu bm{XIÄ C\nsb¦nepw \nÀ¯n¡qsS. Nm\epIÄ Im¡s¯mÅmbncapÅ \½psS \m«nð AXnð¡qSn cmjv-{Sob¯n\v hfan«mð t]m-scsbsómcp tNmZyw am{Xw.

Cysb Cnc : Hcp \qmns kv{Xo-i-n

1984 HIvtSm_À 31 Cópw C´y³ P\X sR-«temSpIqSn HmÀ¡pó ZnhkamWv. C´ybpsS {][m\a{´n-bmbncpó CµncmKmÔn Xsâ kpc£m`SòmcpsS tXm¡n\ncbmbn Cu temIt¯mSv hnS]dª Znhkw. cmjv{S]nXm-hv almßPn¡ptijw C´y³ P\Xbpw H¸w temI P\Xbpw \Sp¡t¯msS tI« hmÀ¯bmbncpóp CµncmKmÔnbpsS acWhmÀ¯. BÄ C´y tdUntbmbnð¡qSn C´y³ P\X B hmÀ¯ tI«t¸mÄ {_n«ojv t{_mUvImÌnwKv tImÀ¸tdj\nð IqSnbmWv temI P\X B hmÀ¯ tI«Xv. Aóv C´ybnð ZqcZÀi³ Dsï¦nepw A{XIïv {]Nmc-ambncpónñ. Hcp \nÝnX kabw am{Xsa kwt{]£Ww Dïm bncpópÅp. AXpsImïpXsó tdUntbm Bbncpóp {][m\ B{ibw. HutZymKnI hkXnbnð \nóv AXn\v sXm«-Sp¯pÅ Hm^oknte¡v t]mcpó hgnat²y _o´vknwMv kXz´v knwMv Fóo cïv {]-[m\a{´nbpsS kpc£m`SòmÀ Cµn cmKmÔn¡pt\sc \ndsbmgn¡pIbmbncpóp. aäv kpc£m `SòmÀ A{IanIsf Iogvs¸ Sp¯nbtijw Cµncm-KmÔn-sb AXv C´ysb ]pXnsbmcp bpK¯nte¡v \-bn¨psbóp Xsó ]dbmw. tIm¬{KÊns\ \bn¨t¸mÄ Hcp cmjv{Sob t\Xmhn\pthï t\ XrXzKpWambncpóp Cµncbnð DïmbsX¦nð, {][m\a{´nbmbt¸mÄ Hcp `cWm [nImcn¡pthï Imcy{]m]vXnbmbncpóp DïmbXv. Bscms¡ GsXms¡ coXnbnð Ahsc Ipäs¸Sp¯nbmepw CµncbpsS {][m\a{´n ]Zhn C´ysb hfÀ¨bpsS ]ShpI Ä Ibänsbóp Xsó ]dbmw. imkv{X kmt¦XnI cwK-¯v C´y hnIknX cmPy§Äs¡m ¸sa¯WsaópÅ AhcpsS Dd¨ Xocpam\w C´ybpsS kz ]v\§Ä iq\ymImi¯p hsc sb¯n¨p. djybpambn klIcn¨v C´y _lncmIm-i kz]v\§Ä ]qhWnªt¸mÄ cm tIjv iÀ½ C´ybpsS BZy _lncmImi kômcnbmbn amdn. hmÀ¯mhnXW {]t£ ]WcwK¯v Hcp amä¯n\v Xp S¡anSm³ AhÀ¡v km[n¨p. {][m\ambpw tkmhyäv bqWn b\pambn klIcn¨psImïv hmÀ¯m {]t£]W cwK¯v C´y kPohkmón²yambn XoÀópsbóp Xsó ]dbmw. C´ybpsS {]Xntcm[tk\sb 71þse ]m¡v bp² ¯n\ptijw iàam¡m³ AhÀ¡p Ignªp. tUm. Iemans\ t]mepÅhsc cwK¯n d¡ns¡mïv AXn\v XpS¡ an«t¸mÄ 74þse Atacn¡ t]mepadnbm¯ BWh ]co£Ww s]mJvdm\nð \S¯n. {][m\a{´nbmbncpót¸mÄ km¼¯nIcwK¯v amä§Ä hcp¯m³ {ian¡pIbpïmbn. _m¦pIfpsS tZikmð¡cW ambncpóp AXn{][m\ambXv. ]Xnómev {][m\ _m¦pIsf tZikmð¡cn¨psImïv CXn\v XpS¡wIpdn¨p. Aóv _m¦pIfpsS tZikmð¡cWw Gsd hnaÀi\w h-cp¯nh¨psb¦nepw ]nóoSv C-´ybpsS _m¦nwKv taJe sI«pd¸pÅXm¡m³ IgnªpsbóXmWv AXnsâ t\«w. temIw apgph³ km¼¯nI amµy¯nð XIÀóSnªt¸mgpw C´y ]nSn¨p \nóXv CµncbpsS ZoÀL-ho£Wt¯msSbpÅ km ¼¯nI ASn¯dbmbn-cpópsbóXv k½Xn¡msX h-¿. Ið¡cn, Ccp¼v, tIm«¬ hyh kmbtaJe XpS§n C³jpd³kv taJe hscbpÅhbpsS hfÀ¨bv¡v CµncmKm-Ôn Fó anI¨ `cWm[nImcnbpsS Icp¯pä t\XrXzambn-cpópsbóXn\v bmsXmcp kwibhpanñ. 71þse C´y ]m¡v bp²¯n\ptijw s]t{SmÄ hyhkmbcwK¯v hó {]Xn kÔn adnIS¡m³ aqóv h³ hyhkmb Øm]\§Ä XpS§nbXv AhcpsS t\«ambn ImWmw. C´y³ Hmbnð tImÀ¸tdj³, lnµpØm³ s]-t{Smfnbw, `mcXv s]t{Smfnbw Fónh XpS§nbXv Cµncbp-sS Fgp]Xnse a{´nk`bmWv. A§s\ AhcpsS `cWt\«§Ä \nch[nbmWv. F¡mehpw temIw Adnbpó Npcp¡w Nne C´y³ t\Xm¡fnð Hcmfmbncóp C-µncmKmÔn. temI¯nð h\nXm {][m\a{´nbmIpó cïmas¯ hyànbmWv Cµn-cmKmÔn. BZys¯ h\nX {][m\a{´n {ioe¦³ {][m\a{´n bmbncpó kncnamthm _µmc \mbsI Bbncpóp. F¬]XpIfpsS Bcw`¯nð temIw Iï Gähpw Icp¯cmb cïv h\nXIfnð Hcmfmbncp-óp Cµnc. asämcmÄ {_n«ojv {][m \a{´nbmbncpó amÀKcäv Xm¨sdbmbncpóp. Xm¨sc Dcp¡ph\nX Fóv hntijn¸n¨t¸mÄ CµncmKmÔnsb Icp¯nsâ h\nX Fómbncpóp hntijn¸n¨Xv. ]mÀ«nbnð Cµncsb tNmZyw sN¿m³ ss[cyw ImWn¨hÀ hfsc hncfambncpópsb¦nð a{´nk`bnð AXn\pt]mepw B-cpanñmbncpópsbóv ]dbmw. AhcpsS Gdm³aqfnIÄ am-{Xambncpóp a{´nk`mwK§Ä. cmPy¯v ASnb´ncmh-Ø GÀs¸Sp¯nsbóv an¡ a{´namcpw AdnªXv ]ntä Znhks¯ ]{X§fnð¡qSn-bmsWóv ]dbpt¼mÄ AXv F{X am{Xw icnbmsWóv Duln¡m hpótXbpÅp. {][m\a{´nbpsS Gähpw ASp¸apÅ Npcp¡w Nnecpambn BtemNn¨mbn cpóp kp{][m\ Xocpam\§ Ä Fñmw FSp¯ncpóXv. aI³ kRvPbvKmÔn ]d¡pw kzman [otc{µ{_lvaNmcn F ónhcmbncpóp AXnð NneÀ. {][m\a{´nbpsS Hm^oknsâ \nb{´Ww t]mepw kRvPbv KmÔn¡mbncpóp. Xónãt¯msSbpÅ GIm[n]Xy coXnbnepÅ {]hÀ¯nIfmbncpóp kRvPbv KmÔn {][m\a{´nbpsS Hm^oknð \nóp sImïv sNbvXncpóXv. tI{µa{´namÀ tIhew tPmen¡mÀ Fó coXnbnembncpóp At±lw IïncpóXv. kRvPbv KmÔnbpsS Iq«mfnIfpsS tXÀhmgvNbmbncpóp Aóv Uðlnbnepw tI{µ`cW-{]tZi§fnepw \Sóncpó-sXómbncpóp Btcm]Ww. \nÀ_Ô IpSpw_mkq{XWw Uðln It\m«vs¹bvknð \n-óv P\§sf ioXoIcW amÀ¡äv ]Wnbm³ IpSnsbmgn¸n¨Xv XpS§n \nch[n kw`h§Ä \Són«pw {][m\a{´n au\w ]men¨psbóXv Cµncs¡Xn sc P\hnImcw Cf¡nhnSm³ ImcWambn. Ael_mZv sslt¡mSXn hn[n AhÀs¡ Xncmbt¸mÄ AXv C´ybpsS Idp¯ A²ymsaóv Cópw hntijn¸n¡pó ASnb´ncmhØbnte¡v sImsï¯n-¨p. CµncbpsS Gähpw henb `cW ]cmPbsaóv hntijn ¸n¡mhpó HómWv cmPy¯v ASnb´ncmhØ GÀ-s¸Sp¯nb-Xv. ASnb´ncmhØsbó ASn¨aÀ¯enð ]ndó k´Xnbmb P\Xm ]mÀ«nbpsS tIm¬{KtÊXc a{´nk` ASnb´ncmhØbpsS D¯c-hmZnXzw Npa¯n Ccp¼gn-¡pÅnem¡n. A§s\ Ncn{Xw AhÀ¡v asämcp t]cpIqSn t\Sns¡mSp¯p. Agn¡pÅnemb BZyap³ {][m\a{´nsbóv. Cópw AXns\m¸w asämcp t]cpIqSn hón«nñmsbóXv FSp¯p ]dtbï H-óp XsóbmWv. P\Xm a{´n-k` ASnb´ncmhØbpsS t]cnð Ahsc Agn¡pÅnem¡nsb ¦nepw P\lrZb§fnð \nóv Ahsc ]dns¨dnbm³ Ignªnñ. Cµncsb FXnÀ¡m³ thïn hÀ¤i{Xp¡Ä Hómsb¦nepw AXv tIhew Xmð¡menIw am{Xambn, X½neSnsImïv XIÀóv P\Xm kÀ¡mÀ C´y A\mYamIpópsbó ØnXn kwPmXambt¸mÄ C´y Cµncsb hnfn¨p. A Xv t\XrXz¯n\pÅ Gähpw henb AwKoImcambn. C´ysb \bn¡m³ Cµnct¡ BIq FóXv tIhesamcp ap{ZmhmIyañ. AsXmcp kXyam sWóv P\w AXnð¡qSn Xncn¨dnªp. cmjv{Sob¯nð \nóv amdn XtâXmb temIt¯¡v HXp§n¡qSm³ Cµnc Xocpam \n¨t¸mgmWv P\w Ahsc Xncn¨p hnfn¨Xv. B Xncn¨phchv C´ysb hfÀ¨bpsS asämcp Xe¯nte¡v sImïp t]m-bn. JmenØm³ hmZhp ambn `n{Z³hme ]ôm_nð Xo{hhmZ¯nsâ hn¯phnX¨t¸mÄ AXns\Xnsc apJw t\m¡msX \S]SnsbSp¯p. knJ hwi¯nsâ lrZb`mKsaóv hnfn¡pó kphÀ® t£{X¯n\I¯v Ibdn Xo{hhmZ¯nsâ hn¯v thscmsS ]ngpsXdnªt¸mÄ A-hÀ IcpXnbnñ AXv Xsâ Pohs\Sp¡psaóv. 1984 HIvtSm_À 31\v AhÀ sImñs¸Spt¼mÄ Cµnc Cñm¯ C´ysb s´óv P\w Adn-ªp. AhcpsS Icp¯pw Ignhpw F-{Xam{Xsaóv P\w a\Ênem¡n. AXmbncpóp Cµnc. Cµncbmbncpóp C´y C´ybm-bncpóp Cµncsbóv Cópw P\w ]dbpóXnð AXnitbmànbnñ.  HIvtSm_À 31\v Ah cpsS 33þmw Nca hmÀjnIhpw \hw_À 19\v AhcpsS \qdmw PòZn\hpamWv. C´y Iï Gähpw Icp¯bmb B h\nX¡ptijw C´ybpsS t\XrXz¯nð asämcp h\nXbpw hón«nñmsbóXv \ntj[n¡m \mhm¯ AhcpsS t\XrXzamWv. AhÀ¡p apónð {]WmaaÀ¸n¡póp.

tIcfs AdnbpIbpw, tIcfw AdnbpIbpw sNp DNm-n

tIcfs¯ AdnbpIbpw tIcfw AdnbpIbpw sNbvX t\XmhmWv D½³Nmïn. cmjv{Sob¯nepw ]mÀ«nbnepw At±l¯n\v FXncmfn-IÄ Dsï¦nepw AhÀs¡m-s¡ D½³Nmïnsbó hyàntbmSñ adn¨v At±l¯n-sâ Bibt¯mSmbncn¡pw FXnÀ¸v. {]hÀ¯\t¯mSpw {]hÀ¯ \coXntbmSpambncn¡pw FXnÀ¸v. AñmsX At±l¯nsâ hyànXzt¯mSpw hyànPo hnXt¯mSpambncn¡nñ. AXmWv Ac\qämïnsâ cmjv{Sob ]mc¼cyapÅ D½³Nmïn. B D½³Nm-ïn Xsó ]oUn¸n¨psbóv, AXpw tIcf¯nsâ apJya{´n-bmbncpó thfbnð At±l¯nsâ HutZymKnI hkXnbnð h¨v ]oUn¸n¨psbóp ]dªmð AXv hnizkn¡m³ X¡ cmjv {Sobm´X tIcf P\Xbv¡p tïmsbóp Nn´n¡Ww. D½³Nmïnsbó cmjv{Sob t\Xmhnsâbpw `cWm[nIm-cnbptSbpw PohnXhpw hyànam lmßyhpw GsXmcp ae-bmfn¡pw ImWm]mTamWv. AXpsImïpXsó At±ls¯t¸mse Hcp hyànsb¡pdn¨v Hcp ]oU\IY sa\ªpsImïp hcpt¼mÄ At±l¯nsâ A\pbmbnIÄ am{Xañ At±ls¯ \Jin Jm´w FXnÀ¡póhÀ t]mepw hnizkn¡nñ. AXmWv tIcf¯nsâ D½³Nmïn. AXmWv D½³NmïnbpsS hnPbhpw iànbpw. AXpsImïv D½³Nmïn BZÀi¯nsâ BÄcq]satóm alm\m-b `cWm[nImcnsbtóm ]d-bpónñ. cmjv{Sob¯n\¸pdw aqey§Ä Im¡pó Hcp hy-ànbmWv D½³Nmïn. Hcp kv{Xo Xsó ]oUn¸n¨pshóp ]dªmð AXpw Hcp DóX cmjv{So-b t\Xmhpw ap³ `cWm[nIm-cnbpamb Hcp hyàn ]oUn-¸n¨psbóv ]dªmð B kv{Xo tbmSv klXm]hpw klm-\p`qXnbpw DïmIpI km-[mcWamWv. ChnsS t\sc adn¨mWv kw`hn¨Xv. klm\p`qXn¡p ]Icw P\tcm£w B kv{Xo ¡pt\sc DïmIpIbm-WpïmbXv. h³ hnhmZw D-ïmtIïnS¯v Hcp Icnbnet]mepa\§nbnñmsbóXmWv kXyw. B Btcm]Ww Hcp Nm-btIm¸bnse sImSp¦mäpt]m-epapïm¡msX sI«S§n t]mbt¸mÄ hmZn {]Xnbmbt]mse bmbnt¸mbn. aet]mse hóXv Fentb¡mÄ ipjv¡n¨v sNdpXmbn t]mbXv D-½³Nmïn¡p t\sc {]tbmKn¨Xp sImïmsWóp ]-dtbïXmWv. tIcf¯nð cmjv {Sob t\Xm¡Ä¡pw a{´namÀ¡psaXnsc ]oU\ B-tcm]Ww CXmZyañ. ]e Ahkc¯nepw ]e a{´namÀ-¡psaXnscbpw DóXcmb cmjv{Sob t\Xm¡Äs¡Xnscbpw \nbak` ]mÀesaâv AwK§Ä s¡Xnscbpw ssewKoI ]oU\ Btcm]W§Ä DÄ-s¸sSbpÅ hnhn[ ]oU\-§Ä ]ecpw Btcm]n¡pIbpw AXnð ]eXpw tImSXnbnð tIÊmbn hcnIbpw sNbvXn«pïv. B Btcm]W§Ä tIcf¯nð tImfnf¡w krjv-Sn¡pIbpw AtX XpSÀóv a{´namÀ¡v cmPnhbvt¡ïnbpw hón«pïv. ]o¨n, sFkv{Iow XpS§nbh AXnð NneXp am{XamWv. AXnsems¡ ]oU\hnt[btbmSv A\pI¼bpw AXnð kXy¯nsâ Awiapsïópw P\w hnizkn-¨ncpóp. NXnbnð hogv¯ntbm `ojWns¸Sp¯ntbm {]tem`\§Ä \ðIntbm Bbncpóp B ]oU\§Ä an¡Xpw \Són«pÅXv.   Xsó ]oUn¸n¨p sbóv ]dbm³ t]mepw A`nam\w AphZn¡m¯h-cmbncpóp Ahcnð an¡hcpw. AsXms¡sImïpXsóbmWv CctbmSv P\¯n\v k-lXm]hpw klm\p`qXnbpw D-ïmIpóXv. AXv kXyamsWóv P\w hnizkn¨ncpóXpw. Fómð ChnsS B Hcp klm-\p`qXnbpw klXm]hpw P\¯n\pïmbnñ. AhcXv k-XyamsWóv hnizkn¨n«panñ. ImcWw CXnð Ccsbó hyàn bpsS e£yhpw hnizmkyX bpw P\¯n\v AdnbmsaóXp Xsó. sI«n¨a¨ Hcp IYbp ambn KqVe£yhpambn aämcp sStbm ]n³_e¯nð Hcp ]o U\IY AXpw tIcfw BZc Wob\mbn IcpXpó IpSpw_ _Ô§fpsS aqeyadnbmhpó km[mcW¡mcs\ a\Ênem ¡pIbpw {]mtbmKnI cmjv{S b¯n\¸pdw P\s¯ Adnbp Ibpw sN¿pó Hcp hyàn s¡Xnsc ]oU\amtcm]n¨Xv kv{Xo kaql¯n\p Xsó A ]am\amWv. Hcp iàamb ]n³_e¯nemWv B kv{Xo Cu Btcm]Wapóbn¨Xv Fóv hyàamWv. AhcpsS e£yw cmjv{Sobsshcytam hyànlXytbm BsWópÅXv Hcp \Kv\kXyamWv. Fómð AhÀ {]Xo£n¨ coXnbnepÅ bmsXmópw D½³Nmïnsbó hyàn {]`mh¯nt\änñ. A t±lw AtX¡pdn¨v Im-cyam{Xambn A`n{]mbw t]mepw ]dbmXncpópsbóXm-Wv asämcp hkvXpX. ImcWw D½³Nmïntb¡mÄ \óm-bn At±ls¯ AdnbpóXv tIcf¯nse P\§fmsWóv At±l¯n\v \ómbdnbmw. AhtcmSv Xms\mcp hniZoIcWw t]mbn«v Hcp \ntj[¡pdn¸v t]mepw ]dtbï Bh-iyanñmsbóv Nn´n¨XmImw At±lw AtX¡pdn¨v A`n{]mb{] IS\w t]mepw \S¯mXncpóXv. Hcp t\Xmhnsâ Gähpw henb alXzw F-´msWóv tNmZn¨mð P\w B t\Xmhns\ ]qÀ®ambpw AdnbpIbpw hnizkn¡pIbpw sN¿pópsbóXmWv. AXmWv B t\Xmhnsâ iànbpw. B hyàn¡v GXv Btcm-]Ws¯bpw ]pôncn¨psImïp Xsó t\cnSm³ Ignbpw. Xm³ sXäv sNbvXn«nñmsbóv ]dbmsX Xsó P\w At±l¯nð hnizmkaÀ¸n¡pw. A§s\sbmcp t\Xmhn\p am{Xsa Btcm]W§sf AXnPohn¡m³ Ignbq. ss[cy]qÀÆw s]mXpP\a²y¯nð Cd§nh-óv Ahsc \bn¡m³ Ignbq. GX t\zjWt¯bpw t\cnSm³ Ignbq. X\ns¡Xnsc Kpcp-Xcamb Btcm]Wapóbn¨t¸mgpw D½³Nmïnbnð IqSn IïXpw tI«Xpw AXmWv. ]XdmsX \nópsImïv At±lw ]dªXpw AXmWv. AXpsImïv D½³ Nmïn BZÀi¯nsâ BÄcq]amsWóv ]dbpónñ. hyàn PohnX¯nsâbpw IpSpw_Po hnX¯nsâbpw alXz-sas´óv At±l¯n\dnbmw. AXnsâ aqeyadnªv Pohn¡pó Hcp hyànbmsWóXnsâ DZmlcWamWv Bdv ]Xnämïv cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯\-apïmbn«pw At±l¯ns\Xn-sc CXpt]msesbmcp Btcm]Ww CXphscbpw Bcpw Dóbn¡mXncpóXv. {Kq¸v cmjv{Sob NcSp henIfpw cmjv{Sob NmWIy X{´§fpw sImïpw sImSp¯pw hfÀó Hcp cmjv{Sob t\Xmhp XsóbmWv D½³ Nmïnsb¦nepw At±l¯nsâ kz`mhip²n Hcn¡epw tNmZyw sN¿s¸«n«nñmsbóXmWv AXv sXfnbn¡póXv. A§s\sbmcp hyànsb XmdSn¨p ImWn¡m³ HcmÄ cwK¯p hcpt¼mÄ B hyàn ]qÀ®ambpw IpäaäXpw \nc]cm[nXzhpw Nmcn{X-ip²nbpapÅXmIWw. Csñ¦nð Hcp t\cs¯ Blmc¯n\p thïn icocw hnäv Pohn¡pó htc¡mÄ Adt¸msStb P\w ImWq. AhtcmSp Im-Wn¡pó A\pI¼t]mepw P\w \ðIpIbnñ. kzmÀ° e-£y¯n\pw X³Imcy km²y-¯n\pambn am\w hnäpw \S¡póh scs¡mïv cmjv{Sob FXn-cmfnIsf t\cnSpóhÀ Bcm-bncpómepw AhÀ Hcp Imcyw HmÀ¡póXv \ñXv. Bib§sf Bib§tfmSmsWXnÀt¡ïXv AñmsX C¯cw hneIpdª amÀ¤¯nð¡qSnbñ. AXv BZyw Hcp Hmfapïm¡pw AXnð kXyansñ¦nð AXv bmsXmcp Ne\hpapïm¡msX t]mIpsaóv am{Xañ AXn\p ]nónse ]nóWn {]hÀ¯Isc Xncn¨dnbpIbpw Xnckv¡cn¡pIbpw XIÀ¯p IfbpIbpw sN¿pw. ImcyanñmsX I-cnhmcn tXbv¡m³ {ian¨hcpsS icocamkIew IcnbmsWó ØnXnbmWpïmbXv. {]Xyb imkv{Xhpw hn¹hhocyhpw \mgnIbv¡v \mev]Xph«w hnfn¨ptLmjn¡pó cmjv{Sob t\XrXz¯nsâ \memwIn-S cmjv{Sobambn t]mbn CsXóXnð bmsXmcp kwibhpanñ. cmjv{SobmNmcyòmÀ t\XrXzw \ðInb {]Øm\w tIhew Hcp kmcn¯p¼nð Xq-§n XcwXmgpt¼mÄ tIcf cmjv{Sob¯nse Gähpw \mWwsI« cmjv{Sob¡fnbmbn am{Xsa CXns\ ImWm³ Ignbq. hr¯nsI« cmjv{Sob AShmbn am{Xsa CXv P\w IW¡m¡q. tXm¡n\p apónepw s\ôp hncn¨psImïv hn¹h¯nsâ hn¯phnX¨hcpsS ]mÀ«n s]®nsâ ASnhkv{Xw sImïv cmjv{Sob FXncmfnIsf t\cnSpt¼mÄ \msf B {]Øm\w amen\yIq¼mc¯nse Agp¡p Nment\¡mÄ ZpÀKÔambn¯ocpw. Ahsc Iïv P\w apJw adbv¡pIam{Xañ aq¡ps]m¯nsImïv B«n¸mbn¡pw. Aópw aqey§Ä Im¡póhÀ apJapbÀ¯n \S¡pw.

Aam-n-bnse XWp-n, Imcq tkma

Aðam-«n-bnse XWp-¸n\v ]d-ª-dn-bn-¡m-\m-hm¯ Hcp au\-ap-ïv. GsXmcp kôm-cn-tbbpw lrZ-b-t¯mSp tNÀ¯p \nÀ¯pó Hcp Ipfn-cv. {]Ir-Xn-bpsS EXp-`w-Kn-I-sfñmw tNÀóp \nð¡pó ChnsS \nð¡p-t¼mÄ kôm-c-¯nsâ ]pXn-sbmcp ]Ùmhv {]IrXn Xsó apónð Xpdóp Xcn-I-bm-sWóp tXmón. 1929 ap-Xð 1936 h-sc I-km-Jv A-tkm-kn-tb-j³ Fó Hcp Iq«w {]hn-iy-I-fpsS X-e-Øm-\- ]«-W-am-bn-cpóp Aðam«n. ]nóoSv {]Xm-]-§-fpsS Gä-¡p-dn-¨n-ep-IÄ¡n-S-bnð 1991 h-sc I-km-Jv km-{am-Py-¯n-sâ X-e-Øm-\-hpw. Fómð 1991 ð IY amdn. I-km-Jv-Øm³ kz-X-{´-am-bn. AtXmsS Aðam-«n-bnð \nópw tI{µo-Ir-X-amb `q{]-Ir-Xn-bpÅ A-kv-Xm-\-bnte¡v Xe-Øm\w amdn. ]t£, Aðam-«n¡v \ntbmKw ]nsó-bp-ap-ïm-bn-cp-óp. N-cn-{X-]-c-am-b X-e-Øm-\-t¯-¡v a-S-§n-h-cm-\p-Å A-h-Im-iw 1997-ð hosï-Sp¯p. Fómð Ikm-Jn-Ømsâ X-e-Øm-\-am-bn AkvXm\ ]nsóbpw Xp-SÀ-óp. I-km-Jn-Øm-\n-se G-ä-hpw h-ep-Xpw hn-I-kn-X-hp-am-b kmw-kv-Im-cn-I ssh-hn-²y-ap-Å \-K-c-am-Wv Að-am-«n. ssN\-tbmSpw InÀKn-Øm-t\mSpw tNÀóp InS-¡pó Cu {]hniy icn¡pw Ikm-Jn-Øm-\nse thdn« Hcp taJ-e-bm-Wv. Ncn{Xw Ae-X-ñpó Cu Iem-\-K-c-¯nð ]t£ aäp Ncn-{X-\-K-c-§nð ImWp-óXp t]mse-bpÅ sI«nS Ah-in-jvS-§-fn-ñ. Hcp Ime¯v Cu \-K-c-¯n-ð [m-cm-fw hw-io-b d-jy-¡m-cpw D-ss{I-\n-I-fpw D-ïm-bn-cp-óp. tkm-hn-b-äv bq-Wn-bsâ hn-I-k-\w aq-ew c-ïmw tem-I-a-lm-bp-²-Im-e-¯v bq-tdm-]y³ {]-tZ-i-§-fnð \n-ópw sXm-gn-epIÄ-¡pw hy-h-km-b-§Ä-¡p-am-bn \nc-h[n t]À Chn-tS¡p IpSn-tb-dn. A§s\sb¯n-b-hcpsS Hcp sImtfm-Wn-bð kwkv¡m-c-¯nsâ {]tXy-IX sImïmhpw Aðam«n IqSp-Xð kp-µ-cn-bm-bsXóp ]d-bmw. Nq-tS-dn-b th-\ð-¡m-e-hpw h-f-sc X-Wp-¸p-Å ssi-Xy-hp-am-Wv C-hn-sS-bp-Å-Xv. Fómð GXp \nan-jhpw `qI¼w s]bvXn-d-§m-hpó Hcp \-K-cw IqSn-bm-Wn-Xv. an-¡-Xpw K-Wy-am-b \m-i-\-ã-§-sfm-ópw h-cp-¯n-bn-sñ-¦n-epw Að-am-«nbnð Ft¸mÄ thW-sa-¦nepw `qan Ipep-§m-sa-ó-XmWv ØnXn. 1997-ð X-e-Øm-\w cm-Py-¯n-sâ h-S-¡³ tI-{µ-amb A-kv-Xm-\n-te-¡v am-dnsb¦nepw {]Xm-]-¯nsâ Imcy-¯nð Aópw Cópw Aðam-«n-bnð Hcp hn«p-ho-gvN-bp-an-ñ. aäp Ikm-Jn-Øm³ \K-c-§-fnð \nópw AXp sImïv Xsó Aðam«n hyXy-kvX-bp-amWv. Xe-Øm\w ssItamiw hóp-sh-¦nepw Að-am-«n-sb I-kmJn-Øm\nsâ "sX-¡³ X-e-Øm-\-am-bn" BWv hn-ti-jn-¸n-¡-s¸-SpóXv. Aðam«n DÄs¸-Spó dn-¸-»n-¡v Hm^v I-km-Jn-Øm³ tem-I-¯n-se G-ä-hpw h-en-b `q-{]-Ir-XnbpÅ cm-Py-§fnð H³-]-Xm-a-t¯Xm-Wv. 2,724,900 N-Xp-c-{i In-tem-ao-ä-dp-Å (1,052,100 N-Xp-c-{i ssa-ep-I-fm-Wp-Å-Xv) I-km-Jn-Øm³ a-t[y-jy-bn-se B-[n-]-Xyw ]p-eÀ-¯p-ó cm-Py-am-Wv. sam-¯w B-`y-´-c Dð-]m-Z-\-¯n-sâ 60% F-® / hm-X-I hy-h-km-bw h-gn-bm-Wv DXv]m-Zn-¸n-¡p-ó-Xv. h-en-b [m-Xp D-d-hn-S-§-fpw Chn-sSbp-ïv. Aðam-«n-bnepw ØnXn hyXy-kvX-a-ñ. ssh-hn-[y-amÀ-ó kmw-kv-Im-cn-I ss]-Xr-I-hp-am-bn _-Ô-s¸-« P-\m-[n-]-Xy, a-X-\n-c-t]-£, G-Io-Ir-X, `-c-W-L-S-\m-]-c-am-b dn-¸-»n-¡m-Wv I-km-¡n-Øm³. d-jy, ssN-\, InÀ-Kn-Øm³, D-kv-_-¡n-Øm³, XpÀ-¡v-sa-\n-Øm³ F-ón-h-bp-am-bn A-XnÀ-¯n ]-¦n-Sp-óp. Iq-Sm-sX Im-kv-]n-b³ I-S-en-sâ h-f-sc h-en-b `m-K-hpw. I-km-Jnsâ `q-{]-Ir-Xn-bpw `q-{]-tZ-i-§fnepw kmwkv¡m-cn-I-ambpÅ sshhn[yhpw {]ISw. CXp Xsó Aðam-«n-bnepw ImWmw, hnim-e-amb ]pð-¯-In-Sn-tbmSp IqSnb Xmgvhc-IÄ, DbÀó Ip-óp-IÄ, ]oT-`q-an-IÄ, a-ªv aq-Sn-b a-e-IÄ, a-cp-`q-an-IÄ F-ón-hsbms¡ cmPy-¯nsâ hnhn[ `mK-§-fn-embn ImW-s¸-Sp-óp-ïv. AXp sImïv Xsó-bm-hWw kôm-cn-IÄ Chn-tS¡v Hgp-Ip-ó-Xv. Aðam-«n-bn-te-¡pÅ hc-hnsâ IW¡p t\m¡n-bmð, 2016 se I-W-¡v {]-Im-cw 22 Z-i-e-£w B-fp-IÄ I-km-¡n-Øm³ k-µÀ-in-¨Xmbn ImWmw. h-en-b `q-hn-kv-Xr-Xn-bpsï-¦nepw, P-\-kw-Jy km-{µ-X G-ä-hpw Ip-d-hp-Å- cmPyw IqSn-bm-Wn-Xv. H-cp N-Xp-c-{i In-tem-ao-ä-dnð shdpw B-dp BÄ-¡mÀ- am{Xta Chn-sS-bp-Åp. Imem-h-Ø-]-c-amb `q{]-Ir-Xn-bm-hWw CXn\p Imc-Ww. Ncn-{X-¯nsâ ta¨nð¸pdw XpÀ-¡n-bp-sS ]-e hw-i-§fnð \nópw IpSn-tb-dn-b-h-cmWv Ikm-Jn-Øm-\nse ]qÀÆn-IÀ. ]-Xn-aq-ómw \q-äm-ïnð sN-¦n-kv Jm-sâ Io-gn-ep-Å aw-tKm-fn-b³ km-{am-Py-¯nð DÄs¸« Ikm-Jn-Øm³ {]-tZ-iw ]-Xn-\m-dmw \q-äm-tïm-Sp Iq-Sn I-km-s¡ H-cp {]-tXy-I kw-L-am-bn h-f-cp-I-bpw aq-óp Pq-kv ({]-tXy-I `q-hn-`m-K-§Ä A-[n-h-kn-¡p-ó ]qÀ-hn-I-cp-sS im-J-IÄ) B-bn am-dp-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp. DbÀó [mXp-e-h-W-§-fpsS A£-b-J-\n-bm-Wn-sXó Xncn-¨-dn-thm-sS, ]-Xn-s\-«mw \q-äm-ïnð d-jy-¡mÀ I-km-Jnsâ X-e-Øm-\-¯n-te-bv-¡v ap-tó-dm³ Xp-S-§n. ]-s¯m³-]-Xmw \q-äm-ïn-sâ a-²y-t¯m-sS A-hÀ d-jy³ km-{am-Py-¯n-sâ `m-K-am-bn. A§s\ I-km-¡n-Øm³ ap-gp-h-\pw djy³ `c-W-¯nsâ Iogn-em-bn. Asóms¡ Aðam-«n-bpsS {]Xm-]-Im-e-am-bn-cp-óp. djy³ \K-c-§-fpsS BVw-_-c-X-bv¡p-Ån-em-bn-cpóp Aðam-«n-bnse P\-X-bpsS Pohn-Xw. Bkz-Zn-¡m-\p-Å-sXñmw Hcp¡n \nÀ¯n-bm-bn-cpóp Aóv Aðam«n Xe-bp-bÀ¯n \nó-Xv. 1917-se d-jy³ hn-¹-h-¯n-\p ti-jw Aðam«n ]ntóm¡w t]mbn. BVw-_-c-§Ä¡v AdpXn hóp. djy³ {]`zn-amÀ Ah-[n-¡mew BtLm-jn-¡m³ F¯m-sX-bm-bn. B-`y-´-c bp-²-hpw aqÀÑn-¨p. CXn-s\-¯p-SÀóv I-km-Jn-Øm³ `q-{]-tZ-iw ]-e {]m-h-iyw ]p-\x-kw-L-Sn-¸n-¨p. 1936-ð tkm-hn-b-äv bq-Wn-b-sâ `m-K-am-b I-km-Jv tkm-hn-b-äv tkm-jy-en-Ìv dn-¸-»n-¡v Bbn amdn. 1991 ð tkm-hn-b-äv bq-Wn-b³ ]n-cn-¨p-hn-«-t¸mÄ tkm-hn-b-äv dn-¸-»n-¡p-I-fnð A-h-km-\-s¯ cmPy-am-bn-cpóp I-km-JnØm³. ]qÀ®-ambpw djy-¡m-tcmSp Iqdp ]peÀ¯nb cmPyw. Aðam-«n-bnð Cópw ImWmw B djy³ kvt\lw. aªp IpfnÀ hogv¯pó cmhp-I-fnð Aðam-«n-bnse sXcp-thm-c-§-fn-eqsS \S-¡p-t¼mÄ djy³ Km\w Db-cp-óXv tIÄ¡mw. C-ó-s¯ {]-kn-Uâv \-gv-kpÄ-«³ \-kÀ-_-tb-hv A-óv cm-Py-¯n-sâ t\-Xm-hm-bn cpóp. ssN\-tbmSp tNÀóp InS-¡p-I-bm-sW-¦nepw djy³ kvt\lw Cópw Aðam-«n¡v Hgn-hm-¡m-\m-hn-ñ. Aðam-«n \K-c-¯n\v Cu t]cp hcm-\pÅ ImcW¯n\p ]nónð t]mepw AKm-[-amb Cu djy³ k kvt\l-¯nsâ Xncp-ti-jn¸v ImWmw. 'B-¸nÄ' (A-ew) F-ó I-km-Jv ]-Z-¯nð \n-óm-Wv, "B-¸nÄ \n-d-ª-Xv" F-ó AÀ°w hcpó Aðam-«n-bn-te¡v F¯p-ó-Xv. d-jy-bp-sS Bð-a A-Xm F-ó t]-cv d-jy³ `m-j-bnð \n-óv kzm-X-´-{yw t\-Sn-b ti-jhpw Ikm-Jn-Øm³ Dt]-£n-¨n-ñ. A§s\ B¸nÄ \ndª {]IrXnku-µcyw hgn-sªm-gp-Ipó Cu \K-c-¯n\v Cu t]cv Cópw \ne-\nð¡p-óp. d-jy³ km-{am-Py-¯n-sâ `-c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-IÄ hn-I-kn-¸n-s¨-Sp-¯ B-Zy-s¯ kn-än ¹m³ A-\p-k-cn-¨v A-sa-ä-¯n-¦ \-Zn-¡v sX-¡v 2 In-tem-ao-äÀ (1 ssað), ]-Sn-ªm-dv 3 In-tem-ao-äÀ (2 ssað) F-ón-h-bm-Wv Aðam-«n-bnse \-K-c-]-Y-§Ä. ]p-Xn-b \-K-c {]-tZ-iw Xm-a-k-Ø-e `m-K-§-fm-bn hn-`-Pn-¡-s¸-«p. 1926 se Iu¬-knð Hm-^v te-_À B³-Uv Un-^³-kv, XpÀ-InØm³þ-ssk-_o-cn-b sd-bnð-th-bp-sS \nÀ-am-W-¯n-\v A-\p-a-Xn \ð-In-btXmsS Aðam-«n-bpsS hfÀ¨ asämcp Xc-¯nð IqSn hnI-kn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-óp. Ah-[n-¡mew sNe-h-gn-¡pó \Kcw Fó-Xn-\-¸p-d-t¯¡v 1930 ð sd-bnð-th-bp-tS-bpw \nÀ-½m-Ww ]qÀ-¯n-bmbtXmsS hymh-km-bn-I-ambpw Aðam«n ]ptcm-K-a\w {]m]n-¨p. Cu hÀjw Xsó Aðam-«n-bnð F-bÀ-t]mÀ-«v B-cw-`n-¨p. tkm-hn-b-äv K-h¬-saân-sâ tI-{µ-am-b tam-kv-tImbn-te-¡v Aðam«nbn-bnð \n-ópw t\-cn-«v hnam\w ]d-ón-cpó Ime-am-bn-cpóp AXv. Ikm-JnØm-\n-te-¡v {]-th-in-¡p-ó {]-[m-\ I-hm-S-am-bn Aðam«n CtXmsS am-dn. Cu sN-dn-b ]-«-Ww I-km-Jn-se bpF-kvF-kvBÀ X-e-Øm-\-am-¡n am-äp-I-bpw ]p-Xn-b `-c-W- ku-I-cy-§-fpw `-h-\ \nÀ-½m-W-hpw h³-tXm-Xnð \nÀ-½n-¡p-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp. Ìm-en³ Im-e-L-«-¯n-se h-en-b ip-²o-I-c-Ww I-km-Jn-Øm\nse aäp {]hn-iy-I-fnte-¡v hym-]n-¨p. A-hn-sS \n-c-h-[n _p-²n-Po-hn-IÄ, kmwkv¡m-cnI {]-hÀ-¯-IÀ, t\-Xm-¡-òmÀ, A-²ym-]-IÀ Fón-h-scm-s¡bpw hn¹-h-¯n-\mbn Cd-t§ïn hóp. Aðam-«n-bnse `q-cn-`m-Kw sI-«n-S-§-fpw `q-an-Ip-ep-¡§sf AXn-Po-ho-¡m³ tijn-bp-Å-Xm-Wv. ChnsS ASn-¡Sn `qan-sbmóp Ipep-§n-bmepw t]Sn-t¡-ï-Xn-ñ. djy³ A[n-\n-thi Imew apXðt¡ \nÀ½n¨ Fñm sI«n-S-§Ä¡pw C§-s\-sbmcp {]tXyIX ChnsS ImWmw. \K-c-¯n-c-¡n-te¡v Cd-§n-bmepw Aðam-«n-bnse \nc-¯p-I-fnð hnhn[ Xc-¯n-epÅ ]pjv]-§Ä \nd-ªp \nð¡pó sNSn-IÄ ImWmw. Ikm-Jn-Øm-\nse D-Zym-\ \-K-csaó \ne-bn-emWv Aðam«n Xsâ {]-Xn-Ñm-b kr-ãn-¨ncn-¡p-ó-Xv. Ið-¡-am³, tIm-¡v Syq-_v, tKmÀ-Wn Kn-bmâv Fón-hn-S-§sf at\m-l-c-ambn Iq-«n-t¨À-¯p sImïv Aðam«n Ct¸mÄ Xsâ hn-kv-Xr-Xn hn-I-kn-¸n-¨n«p-ïv. \nc-h[n Aw_-c-Npw-_n-I-fmb sI«n-S-§Ä, \K-c-¯n-\p-Ånð XsóbpÅ hnim-e-amb A-¸mÀ-«vsaâv _v-tfm-¡p-IÄ, Hm-^o-kv sI«n-S-§Ä Fñmw tNÀóp \-K-c-¯n-sâ ap-J-Ñm-b am-änbn-cn-¡p-óp. \nd-amÀó \nc-¯p-I-fn-epsS kô-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ henb _l-f-§-sfmópw Csñ-óXv GsXmcp kôm-cn-tbbpw AÛp-X-s¸-Sp-¯pw. Aðam«n A§-s\-bm-Wv, au\w sImïv at\m-lm-cnX BtLm-jn-¡pó Hcp \K-c-am-Wv. Nq-Sp-Å th-\ð-¡m-e-hpw X-Wp-¸p-Å ssi-Xy-hp-am-Wv Að-am-«n-bn-se Im-em-h-Ø. DbÀóXpw hnim-e-hp-amb ]À-h-X§fp-sSbpw \oïp \nhÀóp InS-¡pó Xm-gvhmc-§fpsS kar-²n-bmepw BÀ-{Z-am-b Im-em-h-Øm ChnsS {]-I-S-am-Ip-óp. hmÀ-jn-I i-cm-i-cn Xm-]-\n-e shdpw 10 Un{Kn skðjykv am{X-am-Wv. G-ä-hpw X-Wp-¸v am-k-am-b P-\p-h-cn-bnð -4.7 bmbn Un{Kn-bmbn XWp¸v Xmgpw. Cu ka-b¯v Aðam«n aªnð Ipfn-¨n-cn-¡p-I-bm-hpw. G-ä-hpw Nq-Sv Iq-Sn-b am-kw Pq-sse Xsó. B ka-bs¯ IqSnb NqSv icm-icn 23.8 Un{Kn skðjy-km-Wv. aªv hogvN-bpsS at\m-l-c-amb Zriy-§Ä Aðam-«nsb IqSp-Xð kpµ-cn-bm-¡p-t¼mgpw km[m-cW Pohn-X-¯n\ ChnsS amä-sam-óp-an-ñ. I-\-¯ a-ªp-ho-gv-N-bpw Xm-gv-ó Xm-]-\n-e-bpw A-\p-`-h-s¸Spsa-¦n-epw Að-am-«nbnð Nn-e-t¸mÄ ssi-Xy-Im-e-¯v a-g A-\p-`-h-s¸-Spsaóv R§-fpsS bm{Xm ssKUv Adn-bn-¨p. a-t[y-jy-bnð G-ä-hpw i-à-am-b km-¼-¯n-I cm-{ã¯nsâ Xe-Øm-\-am-bXp sImïmhmw Aðam-«n-bnð bqtdm-]y³ djy³ kmwkv¡m-cnI X\na Fhn-sSbpw {]I-Sw. P\-§-fpsS Pohn-X \ne-hm-c-¯nepw AXp {]I-Sw. tlm«-ep-I-fnð `£Ww Ign-¡m-\n-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ bqtdm-]y-cpsS A¨-S-¡hpw djy-¡m-cpsS A¨-S-¡-cm-ln-Xyhpw Htc-t]mse Xo³ta-i-bnð A\p-`-h-s¸-Sp-óp. `£-W-hn-`-h-¯nsâ Imcyhpw A§s\ Xsó. '{Ko³ lnð' FóÀ°w hcpó sIm¡v tSm_n-te¡v ChnsS \nóv Hcp {Smw sse³ Dïv. AXn-epÅ bm{X Ahn-kva-c-Wo-b-am-Wv. \-K-c-¯n-se sS-en-hn-j³ tKm-]p-camb Að-am-«n S-hÀ Zqsc \ntó ImWmw. Aðam-«n-bn-te¡v hnam-\-an-d-§p-t¼mÄ BZyw I®nð s]Sp-óXpw Cu Aw_-c-Npw_n Xsó. {Ko³ lnð Ip-ón³ ap-I-fnð Øn-Xn sN-¿p-ó ar-K-im-e, A-ayq-kv-saâv ]mÀ-¡v, kv-ssä-Uv ssd-Uv-kv, d-tÌm-dâp-IÄ Xp-S-§n-b GsXmcp hn-t\m-Z-k-ôm-csbbpw lcw ]nSn-¸n-¡pósXñmw C-hn-sS-bp-ïv. Að-am-«n-bp-sS sX-¡p In-g-t¡ ]À-h-X-amb sa-Un hm-en¡v Hcp {]tXy-I-X-bp-ïv. tem-I-¯n-se G-ä-hpw D-bÀ-ó kv-tI-än-§v dn-¦m-Wv CXv. ]Xn-\m-bncw N-Xp-c-{i-ao-äÀ h-ep-¸-ap-Å sF-kv dn¦m-Wn-Xv. CXp IqSm-sX, k-ap-{Z-\n-c-¸nð \n-óv 2,200 ao-äÀ (7,200 A-Sn) D-b-c-¯nð sk-bv-en-kv-In a-e-\n-c-bn-se sa-Up-h Xm-gvhc-bp-sS ap-I-fn-ð Hcp kv-Io dn-tkmÀ-«v Dïv. ChntS¡v F¯m³ \-K-c-¯n-\v G-I-tZ-iw 25 In-tem-ao-äÀ sX-¡v sa-Un-tbm tdm-Un-eq-sS bm{X sN¿-Ww. `qI-¼-s¯-¯p-SÀóv {]Ir-Xn-Z-¯-ambn Dïmb Hcp XSm-I-amWv ImtWï asämcp ImgvN. Að-am-«n X-Sm-Iw Fóp Xsó-bmWv CXnsâ t]cv. {Sm³-kv--en A-sse-Xm ]À-h-X-\n-c-I-fn-emWv X-Sm-Iw Øn-Xn sN-¿p-óXv. {Sm³-kv -C-en A-en-Xq-hn-se X-Sm-I-§-fnð `q-cn-`m-K-hpw `q-I-¼-¯n-sâ ^-e-am-bn D-ïm-b-Xm-Wv. cm{Xn-bmWv Aðam«n IqSp-Xð kpµcn Fóp tXmón. cm{Xn-tbsd Xpd-ón-cn-¡pó ]ºp-IÄ, aZy-im-e-IÄ, sXcp-thm-c-§Ä. \K-c-¯nð aPo-jy-òm-cpsS A`ym-k-{]-I-S-\-§Ä. djy³ bph-Xn-I-fpsS \r¯w. Ae-¦mc Zo]-§fpsS hÀ®-i-_-fna. cm{Xn¡v XWp-t¸-dp-óp. Aðam-«n-bnð aªv hogm³ XpS-§p-I-bm-Wv. Ipan³kv (hocyw Ipdª aZyw) Hcn-d¡v AI-¯m¡n ico-cs¯ NqSm¡n I«n-¡q-Snb ]pX-¸n-\-Sn-bn-te¡v \qgp-t¼mgpw Aðam«n Dd-§n-bn-cp-ón-ñ. kôm-cn-I-fpsS Xnc-¡p-IÄ¡n-S-bnepw au\w \ndª aªv \nc-¯p-I-fn-te¡v apI-fn-te¡v ]Xps¡ s]bvXn-d-§n.

Xmcmcm[\ Xep]nSnv ^mkv Atmkntbj apnmgp ssZhns kzw \mSvv

{]_p²cmb P\§fpsS \mSmWv tIcfsaóv Fópw \mw A`nam\n¨ncpóp. AXnð Aev]w Al¦cn¡pIbpw sNbvXncpóp. hnZymk¼ócpw hnthIapÅhscópw A-`nam\t¯msS \mw ]dbpt¼mÄ AXnð AÀ°apsïóv aäpÅhcpw AwKoIcn¨ncpóp. sXäv Iïmð AXns\ FXnÀ¡pIbpw icn Iïmð AXns\ AwKoIcn¡pIbpw sNbvXncpó \mw aäpÅ kwØm\§fnse P\§fpsS hnhct¡Snt\bpw hnIeamb {]hÀ¯nIsfbpw ]pÑn¨p X-Ånbncpóp. Xangv\mSns\¡pdn¨v \mw ]pÑt¯msS ]dªncpó Hómbncpóp AhnSp-s¯ P\§fpsS Xmcmcm[\. Ne¨n{X cmPm¡òmsc ssZht¯mSv D]an¨v AhÀ¡pthïn Bcm [\meb§Ä ]WnXv AXnð ]qP \S¯nbt¸mÄ \mw Ahsc Ifnbm¡n. Ahsc ]pÑt¯msS Iïp. AhnsS Xmcmcm[\ Xe¡p]nSn¨v ^m³kv AtÊmkntbj³ cq]o-Icn¨t¸mÄ hnhcanñm¯hsâ hn hct¡sStóm sXïn-¯ncnªp \S¡póhsâ ]-Wnsbtóm Bbncpóp \½psS hnebncp¯ð. Z£ntW´ybnð Xmcmcm[\ Xe¡p]nSn¨v tIm{]mbw Im«nbXns\bmWv \mw hnaÀin¨sX¦nð D¯tc´y bnse P\m[n]Xy [zwk\s¯bpw AhnsS \S¡pó AXn{Ia§sfbpambncpóp Ifn bm¡nbncpóXv. IÅthm«pw Icnô´bpw Iem]cmjv{Sobhpw ssI¿q¡pÅh³ Imcy ¡mcs\ó coXnbnepÅ {]hÀ¯nIfpw _me]oU\§fpw kv{Xo ]oU\§fpw XpS§n Fñm AXn{Ia§fpw AhIm iewL\§fpw P\m[n]Xy hncp² {]hÀ¯nIfpw D¯ tc´y³ kwØm\§fnð \S ót¸mÄ ChnsSbncpópsImïv \mw iàambn {]XnIcn¡pIbpw {]Xntj[n¡pIbpw sNbvXXmWv. AsXmópan ñm¯ al¯mb \mSm-Wv \½psS as®óp ]dªv \mw Al¦cn¨XmWv. Fómð Xangv\m Snt\¡mÄ Xmcmcm[\bpw D¯tc´y³ kwØm\§fn teXnt\¡mÄ A{Ia§fpw AhImiewL\§fpw aebmf¡csbó al¯mb \½psS a®nð Xg¨p hfcpIbmWv. F´v ]dªv \mw A`nam-\n¨pthm AXnð \mant¸mÄ A]am\nXcmbns¡mïncn¡pópsb óXmWv kXyw. ImcWw CsXñmw Ct¸mÄ btYjvSw \½psS a®nð DsïóXp Xsó Xangv \m«nð t]mepanñm¯{X Xmcmcm[\ Cóv \½psS \m«nð Dsïóp ]dbpt¼mÄ AXnð s\än Npfnt¡ï Imcyanñ. Pbnenembncpó Hcp \S-s\ At±l¯nsâ ^m³kpImÀ hcthäXv AXns\mcpZmlcWamWv. Ipämtcm]nX\m-bn AXpw kv{Xo]oU\apÄs¸-sS ]e tIÊpIÄ At±l¯ns\Xnsc Btcm]n¡s¸«n«pïv. iàamb D]m[nItfm-sS At±l¯n\v tImSXn Pmayw \ðIpIbpïmbn. Pmay-¯nend§nb At±l¯nsâ Bcm[IÀ Fó ^m³kpImÀ kzoIcn¨Xv C´ybpsS {][m\a{´nbmbtijw BZyambn tIcf¯nse¯pó Bthi t¯msSbmbncpóp. AXsñ¦nð C´ym ]m¡v bp²¯nð ]s¦Sp¯v hnPbw hcn¨v cmPy¯n\pw \mSn\pw A`nam\w ]IÀó coXnbnepÅXpt]msetbm AXpasñ¦nð N{µ\nð t]mbn hnPbIcambn Xncn¨p hóXpt]msetbm. knhnð kÀÆokv ]co£bnð AJnte´ym Xe¯nð Hómw dm¦v t\Sn hót]mse Pbnen\p ]pdt¯¡v kzoIcn¨Xv Pbnen\p apónð AhÀ BËmZw ]¦n«p ]ecpw s]m«n¡cªp. Bcpw BßlqXn sNbvXnñmsbóp am{Xw. apJya{´nbmbncpó Fw.Pn. BÀ. acn¨t¸mÄ Xangv P\X Im«n¡q«nb hnImc {]IS\§Ä Iït¸mgpw Pb-efnXsb AgnaXn Ipä¯n\v PbneneS¨t¸mÄ AhcpsS Bcm[IÀ Pbnen\p Npäpw \S¯nb {`m´amb hnImchnt£m ]§Ä Iït¸mÄ \mw tNmZn¨ Hcp tNmZyapïv ChÀ¡v tPmensbmóp anñtbmsbóv. Asóms¡ Nm\epIfpw _p²nPohn kmlnXyImcòmcpw aäpw B hnhct¡-Sns\hs«ómWv hntijn¸n¨Xv. B h«v Cóv tIcf¯nse Hcp hn`mKw bphm¡fnð ]nSnIqSnbncn¡p ópsbóp thWw ]dbm³. tKmhnµNmansb {Iqin¡pIsbóp ]dªv apdhnfn Iq«nb \m«nð sXäns\ hyànIfpsS kaql¯nse Øm\¯n\\pkcn¨v hymJym\n¡pópsbómWv CsXms¡ ImWpt¼mÄ tXmónt¸mIpI. ]«m¸Ið sXcphp \mbsb XñpóXpt]mse \SptdmUnen«v Hcp hyànsb XñnN X¡pt¼mÄ AXv t\m¡n¡ïv Hcp ImgvN¡mcs\t¸mse BkzmZn¡pó hcmWv Pmay ¯nend§nb Hcp hyànsb Xmcmcm[\bpsS a¯p Xebv¡p]nSn¨v hoc]pcpjs\ t¸mse FgpóÅn¨psImïp t]mIpóp FóXmWv Gsd ckIcw. A]IS¯nðs¸«v HcmÄ hgnbcnInð càw hmÀóv acWmkó\mbn InSómð Hóv Xncnªpt\m¡m³ t]mepw Cós¯ Xeapdbv¡v a\pjyXzw Csñóncns¡ Cu kzo ImcymtLmjw \½psS amdnhcpó ImeL«s¯ HmÀ½n¸n¡póp. sXäns\t¸mepw Aw KoIcn¨v AsXmcp henb B tLmjam¡n amäpt¼mÄ A Xns\bmbncpóp \mw Hcn¡ð Bt£]n¨sXóv HmÀ¡Ww. kXy¯nð \½psS hfÀ¨ ap Ifntemt«m AtXm Xmtgt¡m sbóv Nn´nt¡ïnbn-cn¡póp. \mw k¼qÀ-® km£cXsbó Hcp hmenðs¡«n A`nam\w sImÅpt¼mÄ CXpt]msebpÅhbnð IqSn A ]am\n¡s¸Spópsbóv Xsó ]dbmw. Cóse \mw Bsc F´nsâ t]cnð Ifnbm¡ntbm AhÀ AsX Imcy¯n\v Cóv \s½ t\m¡n Ifnbm¡p ópsbóXmWv kXyw. {]Xn tNÀ¡s¸« hyànsb {]Z£nWt¯msS {]XnjvTn¡pt¼mÄ \msf sXäpw icnbpw Hmtcmcp¯cpsSbpw kaql¯nse Øm\w h¨v amäs¸Spw. km[mcmW¡mcsâ sXäns\ sXämbpw kaql¯nð DóX\mbhsâ sXäns\ sXänse icnsbópw hymJym\n¡s¸Spw. Hcp Imcy¯nð Cóv \mw aäpÅhsc¡mÄ ap³]nembn. A½sb Xñnbmepw At\Iw t]cnóv \aps¡m¸apïv. A½sb F´psImïv Xñnsbóp tNmZn¡póXnt\¡mÄ A½bXÀln¡pópsbóp ]dbm\mWv Cóv IqSpXð t]À¡pw Xmev]cyw. skIyqcn än¡mcs\ ImdnSn¨v sImó \nÊmans\t]mepw Pbnenð \n ónd¡Wsaóv Bhiys¸«p sImïv AXn\mbn AtÊmkntbj³ cq]oIcn¨ \mSmWv Hcp Ime¯v {]_p²XbpsS Du äw sImïncpó tIcfw. ssI¿nð Imipw Icp¯nð ssI¿q¡pÅhÀ¡pw ChnsS ]o Un¸n¡mw t]Sn¸n¡mw. Hcp Ime¯v ]«nWn amäm³ ]d¼nð InS¡pó I¸ t]mepw tamjvSn¡m³ `b ambncpóp BfpIÄ¡v ImcWw tamjvSmshóv hnfnt¸cp hómð Ahsâ ]¯p Xeap dbv¡v AXv Xocm im]amIpIbpw A]am\amIpIbpw sN ¿pambncpóp. At¸mÄ ]nsó Hcp kv{Xo ]oU\saóv ]d ªmð AXv Duln¡mhpó tXbpÅp.  kv{Xo ]oU\t¡ knð {]Xnbm¡psaóv `bóv BßlXy sNbvXhÀ \½p sS \m«nepïv. Fómð AXv Hce¦mcambn Cóv amdntbm Fóv kwibnt¡ïnbncn ¡póp. Imew amdnbXmtWm a\pjycpsS at\m`mh¯n\v hó amäamtWm. F´mbmepw AXv tIcfs¯ sIm-sï¯n¡póXv F´nte¡msWóv Ime¯n\p am{Xsa Im-Wn¡m³ ]äpIbpÅp. \msf kv{Xo ]oU\¡mÀ hoc]pcpj-òmcmbn hmgv¯s¸Smw. AhcpsS ssI¿nð Imipw Bfpw AÀ °hpapïmbmð aXn. A-óv aäpÅhÀ \s½ t\m¡n ]dbpw Cóse \mw Ahsc t\m¡n Ifnbm¡nb AtX hm¡pIÄ sImïv. AhÀ \s½ t\m¡n hfcpt¼mÄ sXäpw icnbpw Xncn¨dnªv sXäns\ ]pÑn¨p XÅn ap³t]m«v \o §pt¼mÄ \mw Ahsc Iïv Ft§m«p t]mbnsbóv Nn ´n¡Ww. hfcpwtXmdpw ]nfcpó ]mÀ«nIsf Iïv hfÀó \mw hfcpwtXmdpw XfcpIbmtWm Fóv Nn´n¡Ww.

ataml knwKns\ alXzoIcnp tam-Un, {]hmkn aebmfn sk lyq̳ FgpXpq

Hcn¡ð HcnS¯v Hcp hÅ ¡mc\pïmbncpóp. apt«mfw shÅapÅnSs¯ AbmÄ hÅw \nÀ¯pIbpÅp. bm{X¡mÀ F{X ]dªmepw IctbmSv ASp¸n¨v hÅw \nÀ¯pIbnñmbncpóp. bm{X¡mÀ B hÅ¡mc\pambn hg¡nSm\pw XpS§n. Fón«pw hÅ¡mc³ Xsâ \ne]mSv am-änbnñ. HSphnð AhÀ X-só Abmfpambn añSn¡póXv aSp¯n«v \nÀt¯ïn hóp. AhÀ AbmfpsS \ntj[mßI \ne]mSnð i]n¡m\pw hfsc tamiambn ]dbm\pw XpS§n. C{Xbpw tamiamb at\m`mh apÅ Hcp hÅ¡mcs\ Csñóphsc Abmsf¡pdn¨v AhÀ ]dbpIbpïmsb¦nepw Abmfnð \nóv bmsXmcp amähpapïmbnñ. A§s\-bncns¡ AbmÄ CltemIhmkw shSnªp. AbmÄ¡v ]Ic¡mc\mbn hóXv AbmfpsS aI\mbncpóp. aI³ AÑt\¡mÄ IqSpXembncpóp Actbmfw shÅapÅnS-s¯ hÅw \nÀ¯pIbpÅp. A-Ñt\msSót]mse bm{X¡mÀ ]d ªpw ]cnX]n¨pw hg¡Sn¨pw t\m¡n bmsXmcp c£bpanñ. Abmsfs¡mïv klnsI«t¸mÄ AhÀ ]dªp CbmfpsS Aѳ F{X t`Zam-bncpópsbóv. A§s\ aI³ AÑs\ alXzapÅh\m¡n. CXv Hcp IYbmsW¦nepw AXnð Hcp henb Bibapïv. AÑs\¡pdn¨v BfpIÄ ]dªXnt\¡mÄ taiambXm-Wv AbmfpsS aIs\¡pdn¨v ]dªXv ImcWw aI³ AÑt\¡mÄ tamiamb {]hÀ¯n sNbvXXpsImïmWv. AXpt]m sebmWnt¸mÄ ap³ {]-[m\a{´n a³taml³ knwKn-s\¡pdn¨pw At±lw {]Xn\n[m\w sNbvX tIm¬{KÊns\-¡pdn¨pw Ct¸mÄ ]dbpóXv. a³taml³knwKv {][m\-a{´nbmbncpó ImeL«¯nð At±lw sNbvX hnIk\ {]hÀ¯\§sfsbmópw AwKoIcn¡msX At±ls¯ hnaÀ in¨ncpóhÀ Cóv At±ls¯ hmgv¯ns¡mïv ]dbpóp tamUntb¡mÄ F{Xtbm t`Zambncpóp a³taml³ knwKv Fóv. s]t{SmÄ DÄ-s¸sSbpÅ km[\§fpsS hne Aev]samópbÀómð AXv a³ taml³ knwKnsâ hnIeamb `cW]cnjv¡mchpw kzP\] £t`Zhpambn DbÀ¯n¡m«n At±ls¯ {Iqin¡p-ambncpóp. Fómð s]t{Smsfóñ Ahiykm[\§fpsS hneIsfñmw Xsó iq\ymImit¯¡v hnSpó tdm¡äpItf¡mÄ thK¯nð DbÀópt]mIpt¼mÄ Aóv hnaÀin¨hÀ A-dnbmsX ]dbpóp a³taml³knw Kmbncpóp t`Zsaóv. hne¡bähpw a{´n k`bnse Nne a{´namcpsS AgnaXnbmtcm]Whp-ambncpóp a³taml³ a{´nk`bpsS ]cmPbw. Fómð tamUn a{´nk`bnð hne¡bäw Hcp {]iv\tabñ. Imc-Ww AXv Ft¸mgmWv IqSpIsb-óv ]dbm³ _p²nap«mWv. AXv tXmópt¼msgms¡ Iq«ns¡mïncn¡pw. hne¡bäap-ïmIpt¼mÄ AXv Gsd _m-[n¡póXv km[mcW¡mscbpw ]mhs¸«htcbpambncn¡patñm. km[\§Ä¡v hne IqSpt¼mÄ AhÀ AdnbmsX `b-s¸SpI km[mcWamWv. ssI¿nð IminñmsXbpw ]d¼nð Irjnbnd¡msXbpw _p²n-ap«pó km[mcW¡mcpw ]mhs¸«hcpw km[\§Ä¡v hn-e IqSpt¼mÄ ]cthis¸Smdpïv. AXv Iïv ckn¡m³ thïn bmbncn¡pw tamUn CSbv ¡nS¡v C§s\ hne Iq«pósXómWv tXmónt¸mIpóXv. Fensb apónen«v X«n¡fn¡pó ]q¨sbt¸mse. C§s\ ASn¡Sn hne Iq«pó XpsImïv P\¯n\v AXnt¸mÄ Hcp {]iv\tabsñóXmWv kXyw. AXnt¸mÄ AhcpsS PohnX¯nsâ `mKambn amdn ¡gnªp. asämcp coXnbnð ]dªmð AhÀ AXnsâ `mKambn¡gnªpsbóXmWv kXyw. AgnaXnbpw hne¡bähpw Hcp \mWb¯n-sâ cïv hi§Ä Fót]m-sebmsW¦nepw hne¡bäw DïmIpt¼mÄ AXv P\¯n-sâ Igp¯nð ]nSn apdp¡póXn\p XpeyamWv. AgnaXn cmPys¯ sImÅbSn¡pt¼mÄ hne¡bäw P\s¯ sImÅbSn¡pópsbóXmWv kXyw. AgnaXn ]tcm£¯nð P\s¯ _m[n¡pt¼mÄ hne¡bäw {]Xy£¯nð P\s¯ _m[n¡pópsbópthWw ]dbm³. A§s\ Xsâ I-fn¸m«saó coXnbnð hne¡-bäapïm¡n tamUn P\s¯ X«n¡fn¡pt¼mÄ AhÀ AdnbmsX ]dbpóp a³taml³ Xsó t`Zw. sIm¨pIp«nIÄ-¡v Ifn¸m«saót]msebmWv tamUn¡v P\w. At±l¯n-\v CjvSapÅt¸msgñmw P\saó Ifn¸m«saSp¯v Ifn¡pw. hne ¡bäsaó Ifnam{Xañ t\m«p \ntcm[\hpw Iymjve-kv C´ysbó ]pXnb IfnIfpw AXnsâ `mKambncpóp. Cópw P\w t]Sn kz]v\ambn¡cp Xpó Hómbncpóp C´ybnð \tc{µtamUn \S¸m¡nb t\m«p\ntcm[\w. IŸW¡msc Isï¯m³ tamUnbpw Iq«cpw Isï¯nb AXn\qX\amb hnZybmbncpóp t\m«p\ntcm[\w. ]mS¯v ]Wn-sbSp¯pw ]«nWn InSópw kz-cpIq«nh¨ ]Ww ISemÊnsâ hne t]mepanñmXm¡n tamUn Ifn¨t¸mÄ AhÀ AdnªpsImïpXsó DÅnð hne]n¨p ]dªp a³taml³ knwKv \ni_vZ `cWambncpóp CXnð F{Xtbm t`Zw. Hópasñ¦nð ]cthis¸SmsX DÅXpsIm ïv Pohn¡mambncpótñmsbóv Cóv B P\w AdnbmsX ]dªpt]mIpóXnð sXäp]dbm³ Ignbnñ. P\¯nsâ aÀ-½w aXamsWódnªv AXnð Ip¯n A[nImc¯nte¡v Ibdnb tamUnbptSbpw Iq«cptSbpw A[nImcw In«nbt¸mgp-Å ae¡wadn¨nepIÄ Iït¸mÄ AXv BÀ¡pthïnbpw F´n\pthïnbpamsWóv B P\w a\Ênem¡nbt¸mÄ AhÀ ]dbpóp a³taml³knwKnsâ aX¯n\¸pdapÅ a\p-jyXzambncpóp CXnð F{Xtbm t`Zw. A§s\ P\w a³taml³ knwKnð At±lw {][m\-a{´nbmbncpót¸mÄ Iï \yq\XIsfñmw Cóv AtX P\§Ä hmgv¯pIbpw AÀ°apÅXmsWóv hymJym\n¡pIbpw sN¿pIbmWv. AXn\p Im-cW¡mc³ tamUnbpw At±l¯nsâ hnIeamb `cW]cnjv¡mchpamWv. AXn\v tamUntbmSv a³taml³knwKv \µn {]ISn¸nt¨ aXnbmIq. A§-s\ Fñm AÀ°¯nepw a³taml³ knwKv tamUnbnð¡qSn alm\mbns¡mïncn¡póp. H¸w tIm¬{KÊpw. a³taml³knwKv {][m\a{´nbmbncpót¸mÄ _n.sP.]n.bpsS {][m\ Btcm]Ww At±lw hntZi i ànIÄ¡v C´ysb ASnbd hbv¡ms\mcp§pópsbóXmWv. Fómð Ct¸mÄ P\w ]dbpóXv kztZinIÄ Xsó C´ysb ASnaIfm¡m³ {ian¡pópsbóXmWv. C´ybnse P\§Ä F´pIgn¡ Wsaóv Xocpam\n¡póXv Xo{hhmZ Nn´mKXnbpÅ aX t\Xm¡fmsW¦nð AhÀ I gn¡pó Blmc¯n\v F´v hnebnSWsaóv Xocpam-\n¡póXv `cWs¯ \nb{´n¡pó BZm\nbpw Aw_m\n-bpamsWóv P\w ]dbpt¼mÄ AXv ASnhcbnSpóXmWv C´y bnð ASn¡SnbpïmIp-ó hne¡bäw.   hne¡bäw I¡qkp ]Wnbm\pw ]mh§sf D²cn¡m\pamsWóv hmbnð tXmópóXp tImX¡v ]m«v Fó coXnbnð tI{µa{´n ]pwKph³ KoÀhmWw sN¿pt¼mÄ B hne¡bäw CSn¯ot]mse sNóp ]Xn¡póXv ChnSps¯ ]mhs¸«hsâ Xe¡p taemsWóv At±l¯n\dnbnsñ¦nepw P\¯n\dnbmw. \mSnsâ hfÀ¨m\nc¡v F{X Iq«Wsaópt]mepw Xocp-am\n¡póXv Cu B\namcmWv. Aw_m\nbnepw BZm\nbnepw s]mXphmb Bbpw \m-bpambpÅXpsImïv tamUnbpsS A[nImc Iq«psI«nse Cu Cc« ktlmZc³amsc A§s\ hnfn¨pshsóbpÅp. C´y F{XhfÀ¨ apcSn¨mepw X§fpsS km{amPyw hfcWsaóv Nn´bpambn \S¡póhÀ¡v kIehn[ ]n³XpWbpambn `cW¯nsâ sNt¦mepambn \S¡pó tamUn¡pw H-cp e£ytabpÅp Ipsd¡m-ew A[nImc¯nsâ BÀ`mS¯nð BSn¯nanÀ¯v Pohn¡pIsbóXv. AXnð ASp¸¡mscmgn¨v Bcv XIÀómepw XfÀómepw bmsXmópw X\n¡v {]iv\asñóXmWv tamUnbpsS at\m`mhw. Hcp Imcyw At±lhpw A\pNcòmcpw a\Ênem¡póXv \ñXmWv. Cu C´y Cóv temI¯nse h³ iànIfnð HómbXn\p ]nónð Cóse hó tamUnbpsS iàamb `cWt\XrXzañ AXn\p ap³]v C´y `cn¨ a³taml³ knwKv DÄs¸sSbpÅ PmXn¡pw aX¯n\pw hÀ¤¯n\pw hÀ®¯n\pa¸pdw Iïv P\§Ä¡pthïn `cn¨ `cWIÀ ¯m¡fpsS iàamb Ic§fm-Wv. C´ybpsS Pn.Un. ]n. \nc¡nepw aäpw \mw Cóv Duäw sImÅpt¼mÄ B kXyw ad¡cpXv. F´mbmepw C§s\ `cWw t]mbmð B DuäwsImÅð A[nI Ime apïmhnsñóv Xd¸n¨p ]dbmw. ]«nWn InS¡pt¼mÄ `£W¯nsâ hnesbs´óv Adnbqsbót]mse C´ysb hfÀ¯n hepXm¡nbhcpsS hne \mw Ató Adnbq. AXn\v tamUn C\nbpw Iqsd ¡mew IqSn C´y `cn¡Ww. tkmamenbmtb¡mfpw \mw Xmtgm«pt]mIWw. At¸mÄ a³taml³knwKv DÄs¸sS bpÅhcpsS hnebpw au\ambn {]hÀ¯n¨Xnsâ Bghpw a\Ênem¡pw.

aqw Nmcn \nh s]qw sImv t]mbn... Im\hpw Aanjm cm{obhpw

a®pwNmcn \nóh³ s]®pw sImïpt]mbnsbóv tI«nt«bpÅp. Aðt^m³kv I®´m\s¯ a{´nbm¡nbt¸mÄ tIcf¯nse _n.sP.]n ¡mcpsS AhØ AXmWv. CXn\p ap³]v AhÀ¡v In«nb asämcSnbmbncpóp kptcjv tKm]nsb Fw.]n.bm¡nbXv.  kptcjv tKm]n Fw.]n. Øm\hpw a{´nØm\hpw tamln¨v AXn\pÅ Ip¸mbw Xbv ¡m³ X¿ð¡mcsâ ssI¿nð sImSp¯n«v \mfp Ipsdbmbn. tamUnbptSbpw AanXvjm-bptSbpw ho«p]Sn¡ð ssI¿pw \o«n Im¯p InSóXv Znhk§fpw amk§fpambncpóp. HSphnð ]pdw hmXnseópw ASp¡f hmXnseópw At±lw I-fnbm¡nb AtX hmXnenð¡qSn B Øm\w t\SnsbSp-¯psbóXmWv kXyw. kptcjvtKm]n B Øm\w In«m³ thïn _n.sP.]n.bpsS tIcf¯nse tbmK§fnse¦nepw ]s¦Sp ¯n«pïv. Fómð Að-t^m³kv I®´m\w tIcf¯nse _n.sP.]n. LSIw \S¯nb Hcp PmYbnð \S¡pItbm Hcp sImSn ]nSn¡pItbm AhcpsS tbmK§fnse Hcp tÌPnð Ccn¡pItbm F´n\v tIcf¯n se Hcp tbmK¯nð {]kwKw tIÄ¡m³t]mepw t]mbn«nñ. B I®´m\s¯bmWv {][m\a{´n tI{µ-a{´nbm¡nbncn¡póXv. Ign-ª \nbak`bnð At±lw kn.]n. Fw.sâ IpªmSmbn AhcpsS ]mfb¯nepambncpóp FóXmWv Gsd ckIcw. tIcf¯nð kn.]n.Fw.\v hn]co X]ZtasXóp tNmZn¨mð _n. sP.]n. FómWv GsXmcp hyàntbmSp tNmZn¨mepw ]dbpI. B kn.]n.Fw.ð Øm\w Aev]w Ipdªpt]mbXn \mWv Ahsc hn«v _n.sP. ]n.bnð Ibdn¡qSnbXv. ]mÀ«n¡pthïn hnbÀs¸mgp¡nb hngp¸e¡nb hodpw hmintbmSpw ap{ZmhmIyw apg¡n-b kacw \bn¨ t]meoknsâbpw FXnÀ ]mÀ«n¡mcpsSbpw Nhn«pw Ip¯pw ]nsó Fs´ms¡ A\p`hn¡mtam AsXñmw In«nb tIcf¯nse {]hÀ¯Iscbpw AXns\ms¡ t\XrXzw \ðInb t\Xm¡òmscbpw a{´n¡tkc kz]v\w Iïv henb Ie¯nð shÅw Hgn¨v Xobpw I¯n-¨v I®nð F®bpsamgn¨p Im¯ncpó tIcf¯nse k-apóXcmb _n.sP.]n. t\Xm¡òmsc HópañmXm¡ns¡mïv {][m\a{´n \tc{µtam-Un I®´m\s¯ tI{µa{´n-bm¡nbt¸mÄ BZyw a\Ênð HmSnsb¯nb ]gsômñmWv B Zyw kqNn¸n¨Xv. tamUn I®´m\s¯ a{´nbm¡nbXn\p ]ónð hensbmcp cmPX{´ apsïómWv A§mSnbnse ]m«v. tIcfs¯ sam¯¯nð _n.sP.]n.¡v ]n-Sns¨Sp¡msaóXmWv B X-{´¯nse IpX{´saóXv. tIcf¯nð ]mÀ«n¡v thcp-sï¦nepw kn.]n.Fw.s\bpw tIm¬ {KÊnt\bpw t]mse iàañ. Cu Ignª \nbak`m Xnc sªSp¸nð H. cmPtKm]mð hnPbn¨XñmsX AhÀ¡v ]mÀesaântem \nbak`bntem Bscbpw Ibäm³ km[¨n«nñ. Xncph\´]pc¯p \nóv cmPtKm]mð Pbn¨Xv klXm ]XcwKhpw FXnÀØm\mÀ°nbmb inh³Ip«nbpsS P\k½Xn¡pdhpambncpóp. AXp IqSmsX \ntbmPIa Þe¯nse ]mÀ«nbnse tNcnXncnhpw. tI{µ¯nð `cWhpw ]mÀ«n ^ïnð \nd-sb A[nIrXhpw A\[nIrXhpambn ]Ww CjvSwt]mse-bpïmbn«pw CXphsc \nbk` ]mÀesaâv AwK§sf kr-jvSn¡m³ IgnbmsX t]mIpóXv ]mÀ«n¡v At§bäw £oWw XsósbóXn\p kwibanñ. Cu £oWw amäm³ CXn\p ap³]v ]e X{´§fpw amÀ¤§fpw ]co£n¨p. \mbÀ kapZmbs¯ HäbSn¡v sImïphcm³ F³.Fkv.FÊpam-bn N§m¯w IqSm³ t\m¡n. AhÀ Ggbe¯p t]mepa-Sp¸n¨nñ. ]nsó shÅm¸Ånsb Iq«p]nSn¨v Cugh kapZmbs¯ ssI¿nseSp¡m³ t\m¡n. shÅm¸Ånsb ]nWdmbn hnc«nbtXmsS shÅm¸Ånbpw ssIhn«p. iinIetbbpw tim`tbbpand¡n hÀ¤ob ImÀUnSm³ t\m¡n. hÀ¤obXbpsS  B hn¯v ChnsS InfnÀ¡m³ Ignbm¯XpsImïv AXpw ]msS ]cmPbs¸«p. kapZmb t\Xm¡òmcnð \nóv Im-cyamb ]n´pW In«m¯XpsImïv kn\namXmc§sf Nm¡nSm³ XpS§n. AXnð kptcjv tKm]n am{Xsa hoWpÅp. At¸mgmWv tI{µt\XrXz¯n\v Hcp Imcyw a\ÊnembXv. kptcjv tKm]n ]nSn¨p\nð¡póXv ¥masdó I¨n¯pc¼psImïmWv. kptcjvtKm]nbñm-sX At§sc Bcpw AwKoI-cn¡pónsñópw AXpsImïv bmsXmcp t\«hpw tIcf¯nð D ïm¡nsbSp¡m³ In«n-bnsñópapÅ kXyw AhÀ¡v a\Ênem¡m³ A[nI ImesaSp t¡ïnhónñ. ssIbv¨n«v Cd¡m\pw h¿m a[pcn¨n«v Xp¸m\pw h¿m Fó AhØbmWv tIcf¯nð _n.sP.]n.¡v. Chscsbms¡ Iq«p]nSn¨n«v Dïmbn«pÅXv. apóWn `c-W¯nðt¸mepw ]nSn¨p \nð¡m-\mImsX HXp§n¡qSpó tNm«m ]mÀ«nIfpw AXnð Aev]w henb ]mÀ«nIfpapÅ tIcf¯nð CuÀ¡nÄ ]mÀ«nIsf Iq«n apóWn Dïm¡nbn«pw \nbak`m ]mÀesaâv XncsªSp¸pIfnð koäp In«m³ IgnbmsX t]mIpóXnsâ kXyw Fs´ óv AanXvjm DÄs¸sSbpÅhÀ NnIªp t\m¡nbt¸mÄ Iï kXyw {InkvXy³ thm«pIÄ t\SpIsbóXmWv. tIcf¯nse {]_e kapZmb§fnð Hómb {InkvXy³ kapZmb¯nse thm«À amcpsS thm«p In«nbmð X§Ä¡v e£yw t\Sm³ Ign-bpsaóv ]sï Adnbmambncpóp. AXn\mWv aqhmäp]pg Fw.]n. bmbncns¡ ]n.kn. tXmaÊns\ a{´nbm¡n IqsS \nÀ¯nbXv. ]n.kn. tXmakv hgn-bm[mcambXñmsX AXnepw Imcyamb KpWapïmbnñ. amWnsb Cd¡m³ t\m¡n. amWn Hcp ]co£W¯n\v X¿mdm-Ipónñ. At¸mgmWv Uðlnbnð Npän¸än \nð¡pó I-®´m\s¯ In«nbXv. kn.]n.Fw.sâ XWenð Fw.Fð.F. Bb I®´m\w Xms\mcp kw`hamsWóv Uðlnbnð hcp¯n ¯oÀ¯v \S¡póXn\nSbnð ho¼nf¡ð Hóp ]co-£n¡m³ thïnbmWv At±ls¯ a{´nbm¡nbXv. Im-ªnc¸Ån A¨mbs\ a{´nbm-¡nbmð Nnet¸mÄ Fs´¦nepw KpWw tIcf¯nse ]mÀ«n¡v DïmIpsaóv tamUnbpw AanXvjmbpw Nn´n¨ncn¡mw. In «nbmð Du«n Csñ¦nð N«nsbóv PKXnbpsS Inep¡¯nse UbtemKv t]mse Hcp ]co£Ww. AXpsImïv ASn ]änbXv tIcf¯nse C½nWn C¯ncn hey t\Xm¡òmcmb Ip½\¯n\pw kptc{µ-\pamWv. I®´m\w ho¼nf¡nb Xpt]mse Chcpw ChnsS Ipsd ho¼nf¡nbXmWtñm. A Xv shdpw hmNI IkÀ¯mbn amdn. ]mÀ«n¡pthïn t]mÀhnfn \S¯nbXpw PmYbv¡v Blzm\w sNbvXXpw ]n-¡änwKn\v \nÀt±iw \ðInbXpw a{´nØm\w kz]v\w IïpsImïncpó Ip½\¯nsâbpw kptc{µsâbpw kz]v\w am{Xw an¨ambn. ChcpsS \nÀt±iw tI«v CXn\nd§n¯ncn¨ AWnIÄ¡v kz]v\w ImWm³ t]mepw AhImianñm¯Xp sImïv AhÀ¡v F´v \jvSw. A§s\ I®´m\¯n\v Hcp apXðapS¡panñmsX em`w sIm¿m³ Ignªp. tIcf¯nð A¡uïv Xpd¡m³ I®´m\s¯ Cd¡nb _n.sP.]n. AXnð hnPbn¡ptamsbóv kw-ibamWv. shfp¡m³ tX¨Xv ]m ïmsbóXp t]msebmWnt¸mÄ hóncn¡póXv. a{´nØm\w In«nbXp apXð At±lhpw At±l¯nsâ `mcybpw ]dbpóXv AØm\¯pÅ A[chybamWv. _o^pw s]t{SmÄ hne hÀ²\hpw XpS§nb hnjb§fnseñmw I®´m\w A`n{]mbw ]dbpóXv AhkchmZ cmjv{Sob¡mcs\ó \nebnemWv. _n.sP.]n.¡v h³ kzm[o\apÅ kwØm \¯v _o^v \ntcm[n¨Xn\v ]n´pWbv¡pt¼mÄ tIcf ¯nð AXns\ FXnÀ¡pó coXnbnemWv At±lw A`n{]mbs¸«Xv. tZiob ]mÀ«n bpsS s]mXp\ne]mSns\ thm«pe£yw h¨psImïv hyXykv Xambn B ]mÀ«nbpsS tI{µ a{´n ]dbpt¼mÄ AXv a\Ênem¡m³ kmam\y_p²n aXn. ]nsó At§m«v hnhct¡Snsâ a{´nbmbn kmam\y_p²nt]mepanñm¯ coXnbnð At±lw A`n{]mbs¸Spt¼mÄ At±l¯n\v e`n¨ sF.F.Fkv. ]Zhnt]mepw ]cnlkn¡s¸SpIbWpïmbXv. Gähpw HSphnð s]t{Smfnsâ hne hÀ²\hns\¡pdn-¨v At±lw \S¯nb \ymboIcWw B\aï¯cambnt¸mepw `cWI£nt]mepw hnebncp ¯s¸«p Ignªt¸mÄ At±ls¯ a{´nbm¡nb {][m\a{´n tamUnbpw ]mÀ«nbpw tIcfw X§Ä¡v Hcp _m-entIdmaebmbn Nn´n¨pXpS§nbn cn¡póp. I®´m\¯nsâ ho¼nf¡pw hnhct¡Snsâ shfns¸Sp¯epw XpSÀómð tIcf¯nð ]mÀ«n¡v Ct¸mgpÅ ]n´pW IqSn \jvSs¸Spsaóv Nn´n¡m³ XpS§nbncn¡póp tamUnbpw Iq«cpw. tIcf¯nð IcIbdm³ Ahkm\{iasaó \nebnð {InkvXym\n ImÀUpw I®´m\¯nð¡qSn Ifªpt]mIpóXpsImïv asämcp amÀ¤wIqSn ]co£n¡mw. Hcp sa{Xm\v tI{µa{´nbmImsaóXp ]co£n¡mhpótXbpÅp. AXn\pw Nne sa {XmòmÀ X¿mdmbn tI-cf¯nepÅt¸mÄ AXv ]co£n¨mð Nnet¸mÄ hnPbn¡pw Ahkm\ {iasaó coXnbnð. I®´m\¯nð \nóv Imcyambn {]Xo£nt¡ïXpÅXpsImïv CXv Hchkm\ {iaam¡mw.

temIiIvXn Fnepw hKobXbn tim`ap `mcXw

C´y kzmX{´y¯nsâ temIs¯¯nbn«v Bdv ]Xnämïv ]nón«pIgnªncn¡póp. hntZim[n]Xy¯nsâ ASnaXz¯nsâ Ccpï temI ¯p\nópw kzmX{´y¯nsâ Xpdó temIt¯¡v C´y³ P\Xsb¯nbXv t]mcm«§fneqsSbpw _lnjv¡cW \nÊlIcW kac amÀ¤§fneqsSbpambncpóp. Bbp[ta´nb kac§fpw Hfnt¸mcpIsfó i{Xpkwlmc bp²§fpw Iï temI¯n\v Bib§fpw BZÀi§fpw apdpsI ]nSn¨pÅ kXym{Kl \nÊlIcW§sfó Alnwkm kacamÀ¤§Ä ]pXnb Hc\p`hw Xsó Dïm¡n sImSp¯p Fóp ]dbmw. AXpam{Xañ Hcp amXrIbpw AXnð¡qSn C´y temI¯n\p ImWn¨psImSp¯t¸mÄ B kac¯n\v Cc«n a[pcapÅXmbn¯oÀóp. hym]mc¯n\p hóhcpsS I¨hS I®pIÄ A[nImc ItkcbpsS ImepIfnð ]Xn¨t¸mÄ AXv P\XbpsS kzmX{´y ¯n\ptaepÅ ISópIbäambn amdn. ASnaXz¯nsâbpw ASn¨aÀ¯ensâbpw AXn`o IcXbnð \nóv hntamN\ i_vZw C´y³ P\Xbnð AebSn¨t¸mÄ ASnaIfm¡nb htcmSpÅ FXnÀ¸v AXniàambn. AXv Bthihpw AXntesd A`nam\hpapfhm¡nbt¸mÄ kzmX{´ysaóXv P\XbpsS A\nhmcyXbm¡n. BZykzmX{´ykacw A§s\ kzmX{´ykac¯nsâ XpS¡ambn. arKs¡mgp¸pambn {_n«ojv C´ybnse kztZinIfmb ssk\oIsc A]am\n ¡m³ {ian¨t¸mÄ A`nam\nIfmb kztZinIfmb ssk\oIÀ FXnÀ¸pambn cwK¯phóp. AhÀ¡v iàn]Icm³ kzmX{´ykac t\Xm¡fpw cwK¯p hótXmsS AXnsâ A ebSnIÄ cmPysam«msI Dïmbn. B AebSnIÄ Hcp sImSp¦mämbn amdnsbóXmWv kXyw. Bbp[ta´nb {_n«ojv ]Ssb t\cnSm³ IgnbmsX AicWcmbn Aiàcmbn am dnsb¦nepw AXnð \nóv B thiapÄs¡mïpsImïv B P\X AXniàambn Bª Sn¨p. AhÀ¡v Bthiw ]IÀ ópsImïv almßPnbpw ]ÞnävPnbpw XpS§n iàcmb Hcp t\XrXz\nc Xsó Dïmbncpóp. Bbp[ta´nb ]Sbv¡p apónð Bbp[anñm¯ kac¡mÀ kl\¯nsâbpw kam[m\¯nsâbpw amÀ¤¯n ð¡qSn kachpambn cwK¯p hót¸mÄ B ssk\yw ap«p aS¡n. kzmX{´ysaóXv Znhmkz]v\ambn IcpXnb P\Xbv¡p apónð AsXmcp bmYmÀ°yambn XoÀót¸mÄ AXnð Hcp P\XbpsS XymK¯nsâbpw AÀ¸W¯nsâbpw cIvXs¨mcn¨nensâbpw IYbpïv. temIw Iï Gähpw henb kzmX{´ykacsaóv Ncn{X¯nð X¦en]nIfnð FgpXn tNÀ¡s¸« C´y³ kzmX{´ykacw Cópw AÛp Xt¯msS temIw t\m¡pt¼mÄ A`nam\t¯msS Xe bpbÀ¯n¸nSn¨psImïv am{Xta Hmtcm C´y³ ]uc\pw temIs¯hnsSbmbmepw \nð¡pIbpÅp. kzmX{´yZn\¯nsâ s]m³]pecnbnð C´y³ tZiob ]XmI ]mdn]d¯pt¼mÄ B A`nam\ BImit¯mfw DbÀópt]mImdpïv. asämcp cmPy¯nepapÅ P\¯n\panñm¯{X Bthiw C´y³ P\Xbv¡pïv AXv C´ybnembmepw hntZi ¯mbmepw. Hcp Ncn{Xañ adn¨v Hcp ImeL«w XsóbmWv C´y³ kzmX{´ykact]mcm«w. Bdv ]Xnämïv Ignªn«pw AXnsâ Bthiw Cópw P\§fpsS kncIfnð Xnf¨p adnbpóXv AXn\pZmlcWamWv. Imew Ignbpt´mdpw AXv hÀ²n¨phcpópsbóXv \ntj[n¡m\mhm¯ Hcp hkvXpXbmWv. AXmWv C´y³ kzm X{´ykac¯nsâ alXzw. Hmtcm C´y¡mcsâbpw kncIfnð¡qSn HgpIpó cà¯nð Cu cmPykvt\lw AenªptNÀópsb óXmWv bmYmÀ°yw. AXv thÀXncn¡pIsbóXv Ahsâ {]mWs\ thÀXncn¡póXn\v XpeyamWv Fóp ]dbm³ aSnbnñm¯hcmWv C´y¡mÀ. ISðISópt]mepw C´ym¡mcsâ tZikvt\lw hym]n¡póXnsâ clkyw AXmWv. C ´y t\SnsbSp¯ kzmX{´yw {_n«ojpImcsâ HuZmcy¯nð In«nbXñ. AhtcmSp s]mcp Xn Ahcnð \nóv t\SnsbSp¯XmWv. Ahcnð \nóv ]nSn¨p ]dn¨Xñ adn¨v C´y³ P\XbpsS iàn¡p apónð ap«paS¡n AhcpsS cmPyw Xn cnsI Gð¸n¨XmWv. B C´ym¡mcsâ cmPykvt\l¯n\pw kwLSn Xiàn¡p apónð i{XpcmPy §Ä ap«paS¡nb Ncn{Xsabp Åp. i{Xphnsâ i{Xphns\ Iq«p]nSn¨v C´ybv¡pt\sc t]mcm«w \S¯m³ t\m¡n ] cmPbs¸« Ncn{XapÅ C´y bpsS AbðcmPyhpw i{Xp cmPysaó asämcp hntijW hpapÅ ]m¡nØmsâ t]mcm «w Xsó AXn\pZmlcW amWv. CS¡nsS C´ysb sNm Sn¸n¨psImïv ]m¡nØm³ \S¯pó {]tbmK§Ä ]e t¸mgpw hSnsImSp¯v ASnhm §póXn\v XpeyamWv. BZy C´y ]m¡v bp²w apXð Cu ASp¯Ime¯p \Só I¨v t]mcm«§Ä hsc AXn\pZmlcW§fmWv. C´y³ tk\ Imivaocnð ]pdwXncnªp \nð¡pt¼mÄ A hsc shñphnfn¡pIbpw Ah À Xncnªp hómð hmepw Npcp«n amf¯nsemfn¡pIbpw sN¿pó ]m¡nØmsâ Cu {]hÀ¯n Hcn¡epw hnPbn ¡m³ t]mIpónñ. Akqbbn ð \nóv DSseSp¡póXp am {XamWv Cu {]hÀ¯n. C´y bvs¡m¸w kzmX{´yw t\Snb ]m¡nØmsâ hfÀ¨ Xmtgm «pt]mIpt¼mÄ C´ybpsS h fÀ¨ A§v N{µ\nð hscsb ¯n \nð¡póp. ]m¡nØm\nð `cW A«nadnIÄ ]eXp \Sóp C¡mea{Xbpw. 75þð \Só ASnb´cmhØsbmgn¨mð C´ybpsS P\m[n ]Xy kwhn[m\¯n\v Hcp tIm«hpw CXphsc kw`hn¨n«nñ. C´ybpsS sP.Un.]n. 2016 7.1 Bbt¸mÄ ]m¡n ØmtâXv 5 am{XamWv. t]cns\ P\m[n]Xy`cW kwhn [m\saóv ]m¡nØm³ ]dbp só¦nepw cmPy¯nsâ \nb {´Ww ssk\y¯n\pw hntZ iiànIÄ¡pamWv. Fómð B ØnXnbñ C´ybnð. P\§Ä XncsªSp¯p hn Spó kÀ¡mcmWv `cWw \S ¯póXv. AhcmWv `cW¯n ð Xocpam\§Ä FSp¡póXv. ]m¡nØmsâ ØnXn AXñ. Xocpam\§Ä FSp¡mw \S¸m ¡Wsa¦nð ssk\yhpw aäpw A\paXn \ðIWw. aqómw temIcmjv{S saóv Ahtlfn¨hÀs¡m¸w Cóv C´ysb¯n \nð¡póp ïv. ]e Imcy§fnepw {]tXy In¨v imkv{Xkmt¦XnI hfÀ ¨bnð. CXnð C´ysb \bn ¨hcpsS ]¦v hfsc hepXm Wv. AhcpsS ZoÀLho£W hpw P\¯nsâ ITn\m²zm\ hpw Cóv C´ysb ChnsSsb ¯n¨ncn¡póp. Hópanñmbva bnð \nóv C´y ChnSw hsc sb¯nsb¦nð AXnsâ Imc Ww AXpam{XamWv. Fómð \mw ]e Im cy§fnepw ]qÀ®X ssIhcn ¨n«nñmsbópw ]dtbïnbn cn¡póp. \Kc hnIk\w Cóv an¡ kwØm\§fnepw Dsï ¦nepw {KmahnIk\w A{X Iïv Dtïmsbóp kwibam Wv. C´ybpsS Bßmhv {Km a§fnemsWóv hnizkn¡p Ibpw {]Ncn¸n¡pIbpw sN bvXncpó almßPnbpsS kz ]v\w bmYmÀ°yamIWsa ¦nð {Kma§fpsS hnIk\w ]qÀ®amIWw. bm{XmkuIcy §Ä t]mepanñm¯ {Kma§Ä Cópw [mcmfw C´ysbó almcmPy¯nepïv. {]mYanI Imcy§Ät]mepw s]mXp\nc¯nð \nÀÆln¡s¸Spó co Xnbnð C´ybnse {Kma§ fnse P\§Ä¡pïmIpó AhØ \ntj[n¡m\mhm¯ Xp XsóbmWv. Zmcn{Zy\nÀ½mÀÖ\w ]qÀ®ambn \S¸m¡m³ C{Xbpw ImewsImïv Ignªn«nñ. kzmX{´yw e`n¨Xn\ptijw C´y t\cn« Gähpw henb shñphnfnbmbncpóp Zmcn{Zy \nÀ½mÀÖ\w. AXv Gsd¡p sdsbms¡ ]cnlcn¡s¸«n «psï¦nepw Cópw C´ysb ó almcmPyw Zmcn{ZytcJ a dnISón«nñ. 1.21 _ney¬ B fpIÄ  Cópw C´ybnð Zmcn {ZytcJ¡p XmsgbmsWóv 2012þse IW¡nð ]dbpóXv. AXnð \nóv henb hyXymk samópw Ct¸mgnñ. 1.25 Znhk hcpam\amWv Hcp C´ym¡m csâ icmicn hcpam\w. C{X bpw ImewsImïv C´y hfÀ ¨bpsS ]ShpIÄ [mcmfw ]n óns«¦nepw C¡mcy§fnð ]q À®X ssIhcn¨n«nñmsbóXv Hcp hkvXpXbmWv. {]mYanI kuIcy§Ä t]mepanñm¯ Bip]{XnIÄ C´ybpsS {Kma§fnepsïópÅXn\v DZmlcWamWv bp.]n.bnse kw`hw. hfÀ¨bpsS Afhp tImð ]«W§fnte¡pw t\m ¡pt¼mÄ {Kma§fpsS XfÀ ¨IÄ ImWmsX t]mIpóp. Häs¡«mbn s]mcpXn t\Snb kzmX{´yw Ggv ]Xnämïnepw tim`tbmsS \nð¡pt¼mÄ AXns\ XfÀ¯pó asämcp hkvXpX PmXnbpsSbpw aX ¯nsâbpw t]cnð `mc¯nse P\¯ns\ thÀXncn¡póXmWv. tZiob]XmIbpsS \nd ¯n\pt]mepw hÀ¤obX NmÀ¯pó hÀ¤ob NphbpÅ cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIfpsS DóX t\ Xm¡òmÀ¡v e£yw A[nImc ItkcbmsW¦nepw AXnð tim` a§póXv \½psS atX XcXz¯nsâ apJamWv. AXp ïmImsXbncn¡m³ \mw Hä s¡«mbn Cu hÀ¤obXsb F XnÀt¡ïnbncn¡póp. Csñ¦nð hntZim[n]Xy¯n\p ap³]pÅt]mse \½psS `mcXw Nnó`nóambn¯ocpw.

kz]\ ]Xnbmb sImn sat{Smsdbn, {]hmkn teJI sk lyp̳ FgpXpq

tIcf¯nsâ sat{Sm kz]v\w bmYmÀ°yambn. hntZi cmPy§fnepw C´ybn-se h¼³ \Kc-§fmb Uðln, apwss_ XpS§nhbv¡psam¸w sat{Sm sdbnðsh \½psS sIm¨p tIcf¯nsâ a®nepw ]mIamIpsaóv sIm¨n sat{Sm sdbnð cmPy¯nsâ {]-[m\a{´n \tc{µtamUn DZvLm-S-\w sNbvXt¸mÄ sXfnbn¡pIbpïmbn. C´y³ sdbnðthbpsS `q]S¯nð tIcfw Iïp ]nSn¡m³ t]mepw Ign-bm-¯{X sNdpXmbnt¸mbt¸mÄ C´y³ sdbnðth _UvPänð tIcf¯n\v bPam\³amcpsS taibnð hn-óp hogpó A¸¡jW§sf¡mÄ sNdpXmb D¯tc´y³ taemfòmcpsSbpw Z£ntW´ybnse a-äv h¼³ kwØm\§fm-b IÀ®mSIbnsebpw Xangv\m-«ntebpw B{Ôbnsebpw A[nIw hcpóhsIm-ïv tIcf¯n\p h¨p\o«nbnS¯v AhÀs¡m¸w sat{Sm sdbnense¦nepw \mw F¯nbXv A`nam\n¡mw. A´mcmjv{S \nehmc¯nepÅ Hcp A´mcmjv{S hnam\¯mhfw s\Sp¼m-tÈcnbnð\mw ]qÀ¯oIcn¨t¸mÄ AXnð Akqb]qï hSs¡ C´y³ tem_n¡v apónð \mw Hcp ]SnIq-Sn aptóm«p t]mbn sbóXmWv sIm¨n sat{Smbnð¡qSn sXfnbn¡póXv. tI{µw aäv {]-_eD¯tc´y³ hSs¡ C´y³ kw-Øm\§Ä¡v hmcnt¡mcn \ðIpt¼mÄ AXnð Fs´¦nepsam-óv A_²¯ntem Adn-bmsXtbm tIcfsaó sIm¨p kwØm\¯n\v \ðIpI am{Xam bncpóp Fópw sNbvXncpóXv. Fómð B kwØm\§fnð hnIk\saóXv tIhew ]« W {]tZi§fmbt¸mÄ \mw ]«W§tfmsSm¸w {Kma§fn epw hnIk\w \S¯n aptódn. AXpw BcpsSbpw HuZmcyw ssI¸ämsXbpw BÀ¡p apón epw bmNn¡msXbpw hntZi s¯ a®nð Fñpapdn-sb ]WnsbSp¯v \mw k¼mZn¨v \m «nte¡v ]Wbab¨t¸mÄ \mw \mSnsâ apJÑmb Xsó am-änsbSp-¯p. A§s\ \mSpw \K chpsamcpt]mse hfÀóp. A´mcmjv{S \nehmc¯nepÅ bm-{X kuIcy§Ä `cn¨ kw Øm\ kÀ¡mcpIÄ Hcp¡n bt¸mÄ B hfÀ¨ \mSnsâ apJOmb Xsó amän. Ct¸mÄ AXv sIm¨n sat{Smbnð F¯n \nð¡póp. AXpw \½p sS kz´w ]cn{ia^eambn. CsXms¡bmsW¦nepw tIcf¯nð GsX¦nepsamcp ]²Xn {]hÀ¯n ]Y¯nse¯n¡pIsbóXv G-sdZpjv¡c amWv. \mSnsâ hnIk\ambmepw kz´w ]mÀ«nbpsS ]n³Xncn¸³ \b§fpambn G-Xv ]²Xnbpambn Bcp hómepw sIm Sn]nSn¨psImïv apS´³ \ymb§fpambn AXns\Xn-sc k-acw sN¿pó Nne aqcm¨n cm jv{Sob¡mÀ Hcp hi¯pam bpw I]S {]IrXnkvt\l¯n sâ apJwaqSnbpaWnªv t] cn\pw {]ikvXn¡pw thïn kachpambn hcpó {]IrXn kvt\ln-IÄ adphi¯pambn \nóv B ]²Xnsb Hópanñm Xm¡pó ImgvNbmWv tIcf ¯nð an¡t¸mgpw ImWm³ IgnbpI. Chscsbms¡ adn ISóv GsX¦nepsamcp ]²Xn XpS§nbmð sXmgnð XÀ¡hpw AanX Iqenbpambn sXm gnemfn t\Xm¡òmÀ cwK¯p hcpw. tPmenbpw thebp-anñmsX IheIfnð Id§n \Sóm epw C´y³ {]knUânsâ i ¼f¯ns\m¸w \nð¡pó Iq en sImSps¯¦n-se ]Wn¡n d§qsbó hmin ]nSn¡pó Ipsd {]_p²cmb sXmgnem fnIÄ. Chscsbms¡ adnI Sópw ab¡nsbSp¯pw thWw Hcp ]²Xn tIcf¯ð ]q À¯oIcn¡m³ Ignbq. AXp XsóbmWv \½p-sS \m«nð h ¼³ hnIk\ ]²XnIÄ Hcp s\Sp¼mtÈcnbnð am{XsamXp §n-bXv. sIm¨n sat{Smsbó tIcf¯nsâ Hcp kz]v\ ]² Xn ]qÀ¯oIcn¨t¸mgpw A t\Iw {]XnkÔn-IÄ XcWw sNbvXpsbóXv Hcp \Kv\k XyamWv. tIcfw t]msebpÅ cmjv{Sob AXn {]kcw \nd ª I]S {]IrXnkvt\ln IfpsS \m«nð C¯cw Hcp kwcw`¯n\v XpS¡an« D½ ³Nmïnsbó `cWIÀ¯mhn s\ A`n\µn¡pI Xsó sN t¿ïXmbn«pïv. hn.FÊnsâ Ime¯p apXð sIm¨n sat{SmbpsS BZy]Sn XpS§nsb ¦nepw AXnsâ {]hÀ¯\] Y¯nsâ XpS¡w Ipd¨Xv D ½³Nm-ïn XsóbmWv. Hcp Xd¡ñn«v P\¯nsâ I®nð s]mSnbnSm³ Hcp ]²Xnsbó Xnep]cn P\-\òe£yan«v ]qÀ¯oIcWsaó coXnbnð Hmtcm NphSpshbv¸pw IcpX temSpw IW¡pIq«nbpw sIm¨n sat{Smbv¡pthïn Hcp `cW IÀ¯mshó \nebnð D½³ Nmïn {]hÀ¯n¨psbóXv BÀ¡pwXÅn¡fbm³ Ign bnñ. ]XnämïpIfpsS cmjv {Sob {]hÀ¯\ ]mc¼cy apÅ D½³Nmïnsb-ó cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯I\v C¯c ¯nsemcp ]²Xn \S¸m¡p t¼mgpïmIpó shñphnfnIÄ F{Xsbóv \óm-bn t_m²y apïmbncpóp. A¯mgw apS ¡m³ \oÀt¡menIfpw hNm cn¨mð Ignbpsaó Im-e¯pw {]tZi¯pw C¯csamcp ]² Xn XpS§pIsbóXv Bß_ ehpw \nÝbZmÀVyhpapÅ Hcp hyàn-¡p am{Xsa Ignbp. AXntesd AsXmcp kmlkn Iamb {]hÀ¯nIqSnbmWv. Øe]cnanXnIfpw km¼¯n I ]cm[o\XIfpapÅ tIcfw t]msebpÅ Hcp kwØm\ ¯v Cu ]²Xn¡v ]¨s¡mSn Im«nb D½³Nmïnsbó `c Wm[nImcnbpsS \nÝbZmÀVyw A`n\µ\obambsXóXv \ntj[n¡m\mhm-¯-Xp Xsó. D½³Nmïnsb F{X FXnÀ¯mepw At±l¯nð C¯c¯nð Nne KW§fpÅ XmWv P\§fpsS a\Ênð Cópw D½³Nmïnsbó cm jv{Sob t\Xmhv \nesImÅp óXv. Cu ]²Xn kss[ cyw GsäSp¡m³ X¿mdmbn aptóm«phó C. {io[c\mWv \µnbpw A`n\µ\hpw \ð tIï asämcp hyàn. sIm¦ Wpw Uðln sat{Smbpw t]m sebpÅ h³ ]²XnIÄ \S¯n h³ hnPbKmY cNn¨ C. {io[c\v tIhew Ccp]Xnð Xmsg Intem aoäÀ Npäfhnep Å H-cp ]²Xn \nÊmcambn XsósbóXn\v bmsXmcp kwibhpanñ. Fómð {]m tbmKnIamb IS-¼-IÄ Ht«sd ISt¡ï `mcn¨ NpaXebm bncpóp {io[c\nð hóp tN ÀóXv. apwss_ apXð I\ymIpamcn hsc Intem aoädpIÄ \oï sIm¦¬ ]mXtb¡mÄ XethZ\ sIm¨n sat{Smbnð Iq-Sn At±l¯n\v Dïmbnsb óp Xsó ]dbmw. Cu ]²Xn GsäSp ¡pt¼mÄ kwØm\ kÀ¡m cnt\mSv At±lw Hcp Imcysa Bhiy¸«pÅp. cmjv{Sob t\Xm¡òmcpsS CSs]Stem sXmgnð kac§tfm DïmIm ¯ Hcp kmlNcyw thW-saóv. F¦nð am{Xsa Xm³ Cu ]²Xn GsäSp¡pIbpÅpsb óv kÀ¡mcnt\mSv At±lw Bhiys¸«-t¸mÄ D½³Nmïn kÀ¡mÀ AXv AwKoI cn¨p. Fómð apXemfnamcpsS A´]pc§fnð A´nbp d§n ]-Ið AhnsS \nóv ]p d¯nd§n sXmgnemfnIfpsS AhImi kac¯n\mbn t]m cmSpó I-]S sXmgnemfn ]m À«n t\Xm¡òmÀ AsXmópw AwKoIcn¨psImSp¡m³ X¿mdmbnñ. kztZ-in sXmgnemfn t{]ahpsams¡ ]dªv AhÀ A¯mgw apS¡m³ {ians¨¦n epw AsXmópw {io[csâ \nÝbZmÀVy¯n\p apónð H ópw Ginbnñ. ]²Xn ]q À¯oIcnt¨ Xm³ hn{ian¡q sbó hminbnð AsXñmw A`napJoIcn¨v At±lw AXv ]qÀ¯oIcn¨t¸mÄ iàs\ Hme ]m¼pIm«n `bs¸Sp-¯m ³ Ignbnsñóv tIcfw Iïp. aäp ]ecpw tIcf¯nse cm jv{Sob ]cnXØnXn kmlN cy§fpw aäpw IW¡nseSp¯v Cu ]²Xn GsäSp¡m³ aSn ¨t¸mÄ C. {io[c³ AXv ss[cy]qÀÆw GsäSp¡m³ aptóm«p hóXpw AXv ]q À¯oIcn¨Xpw A`n\µ\obw Xsó. Hcp ]²Xn ]qÀ¯o Icn¡póXnsâ ]nónð Hcp hyànbpsStbm Hcp hn`mK ¯nsâtbm am{Xw ]cn{iahpw {]hÀ¯\hpw t]mcm CXnð DÄs¸Spó FñmhcptSbpw Iq «mb {]hÀ¯-\w BhiyamWv. B\¡v XSn`mcsaót]m se Ddp¼n\v Acn `mcamWv. C. {io[c\v `mcn¨ D¯-c-hmZnXzw DïmbXpt]mse Xsó CXnð ]¦ptNÀó sXmgnem fnIÄ DÄs¸sSbpÅhÀ¡v AXntâXmb D¯chmZnXz §Ä Dïmbncpóp. _mly CSs]SepIÄ Dïmbncpón«p IqSn AXnsemópw AIs¸Sm sX Cu ]²Xn ImeXmakw IqSmsX ]qÀ¯oIcns¨¦nð CXnse sXmgnemfnIfp-sS klIcWw At§bäw A`n\ µnt¡ïXp Xsó. A\ykw Øm\ sXmgnemfnIÄ am{X añ kztZin-Ifmb sXmgnemfn Ifpw CXnð Hcp a\tÊmsS {]hÀ¯n¨ncpóp. GsX¦n epw Hchkc¯nð AhÀ {]Xntj[¯nsâ ssIapjvTn Npcp«nbncpsó¦nð B ]² Xn ImSp]Sn¨v Xpcp¼n¨p t]mtbs\. AhÀs¡m¸w B \mSpw \m«pImcpw Cu ]²Xn¡p thïn ]cn{ian¨p. {]hÀ¯n¨p. At¸mÄ ssI¿Snbpw A`n\µ\hpw AhÀ¡pIqSn AhImis¸«Xp Xsó. CXnsâ hnPb¯n\p ]nónð A-hÀ IqSn ]¦ptNtcïXmbn«pïv. AXpsImïv AhÀ¡p IqSn AhImis¸«Xp Xsó. Fómð Chscsbm s¡ X«namän Cu hnPb¯n sâ AhImiw IhÀsóSp¡p Ibpw Ahscsbms¡ ]pdIn te¡v XÅn t^mt«mbv¡v ap ónð tImÄtKäv ]ckywt]m se \nð¡pó-hÀ AdnbmsX t]mIpó Hcp kXyapïv C sXms¡ P\w ImWpIbpw tI Ä¡pIbpw sN¿pópsbóv. ChcpsS sXmen¡«nbnð A ]am\s¸SpóXv ]mhw Iïm arKsaóv a\Ênem¡m³ C \nsb¦nepw ChÀ¡p Ignb Ww. asäñmhtcbpw A]am\ s¸Sp¯n aptódpó ChÀ B ]mhw arKs¯sb¦nepw A]am\n¡msXbncn¡pI. A{X sb ]dbm\pÅp. BZy sat{Sm s{Sbn\nð BcpadnbmsX Ibdn¸änbhÀ Cu kXyw DÄ s¡mÅWw. F´mbmepw sIm¨n sat{Sm tIcf¯nsâ kômc temI¯v ]pXnb Hcp Xp-S-¡w Ipdn¨ncn¡pIbmWv. _memcn jvSXIÄ Dsï¦nepw AsXm s¡ adnISóv sIm¨n sat{Sm aptódpw. sIm¨nbpsS KXm KX¡pcp¡v Hcp ]cn[nhsc ]cnlcn¡s¸Spsaóp Xsó Icp-Xmw. AXpt]mse Xsó tIcf¯nse aäp \Kc§fpw CXp amXrIbm¡pw. \ap¡v aptódmw Fñm taJebnepw AXn\p t\XrXzw \ðIpó hsc A`n\µn¡mw.

Fmw icnbmtbm? IqnngnSpens Hcp ]nWdmbnhjw

]nWdmbn kÀ¡mÀ Hcp hÀjw ]qÀ¯oIcn¡pIbmWv. tIcf¯nsâ BZya {´nk` cq]oIcn¨Xnsâ Adp]XmïpIqSn BtLmjn¡m\pÅ kphÀ®mhkcw IqSnbmWv Cu a{´nk`bv¡v ssIhóncn¡póXv. BZya{´nk`bpw Ct¸mgs¯ a{´nk`bpw CSXp] £amsWópÅXp am{Xañ 57 apXð Hmtcm ]Xnämïv Ignbpt¼mgpapÅ a{´nk`bpw CSXp]£ambncpópsbóXpw FSp¯p ]dtbïXmWv. 77þse a{´nk` sbmgn¨v 57, 67, 87, 97, 2007, 2017Ifnse Fñm a{´nk`Ifpw CSXp]£¯nsâ t\XrXz¯nembncpóp. temINcn{X¯nð I½yqWnÌpImÀ¡v X¦en]nIfnð t]scgpXs¸« a{´nk`bmbncpóp 57þse CSXp]£ P\m[n]XyapóWn a{´nk`. apóWn `cWw BZyw C´ybnð ]co£n ¡s¸« a{´nk`sbó _lpaXnIqSnbpsï¦nepw AXv ]cmPbambncpópsbóv cïv hÀjs¯ `cWw sXfnbn¨p. _memcnjvSXIÄ Gsdbpïmbncpó a{´nk`bnð `cW]cnNbapÅhÀ hncense®mhpóhÀ am{Xsa DïmbncpópÅp. aebmäqÀ cmaIrjvW³, A\´³\mbcpÄs¸sSbpÅ DóX DtZymKØcpsS t\XrXz¯nepÅhÀ XpS¡¡mcmb a{´namÀ¡v `cW{]hÀ¯\§sf¡pdn¨v GXm\pw Znhk§Ä ¢mÊpIÄ t]mepsaSp¯ncpópsbómWv ]dbs¸SpóXv. AXn\p tijambncp ós{X AhÀ `cWt\XrXzw GsäSp¯Xv. BZya{´nk`bnse `cWIÀ¯m¡Ä¡v F{Xam{Xw `cW ]cnNbapïmbncpópsbóv CXnð¡qSn Duln¡mhpótXbpÅp. AXntâXmb ]mfn¨IÄ BZya{´nk`bpsS {]hÀ¯\¯nð Iïncpópsbóp Xsó ]d bmw. sk{I«dn Xe§fnepw t]meokv Xe¸¯pw ]mÀ«n A\p`mhnIfpw ]mÀ«nbpsS CjvS¡mscbpambncpóp \nban¨Xv. Xocpam\§Ä FSp¯ncpóXp t]mepw DtZymKØhrµambncpópsbóXmbncpóp Aós¯ kÀ¡mcns\Xnsc Dóbn¨ncpó {][m\ Btcm]Ww. DótXmZymKØÀ Nqïn¡mWn¨ncpónS¯v H¸nSpI am{XamWs{X AhÀ sNbvXncpóXv. t]meoknsâ {]hÀ¯\¯nepw Gsd ]gntbðt¡ïn hóncpóp BZya{´nk`bv¡v. t]meokv tÌj\pIÄ tIhew ]mÀ«n Hm^okmbn Xcw Xmgv¯s¸«psbómbncpóp {][m\ Btcm]Ww. ]mÀ«n tem¡ð I½nänIfmbncpós{X B Ime¯v t]meokv tÌj\pIÄ `cn¨ncpóXpw \nb{´n¨ncpóXpas{X. `cW¯nð ]pXpapJ§fmbncpsó¦nepw Ahscms¡ {]KÛcpw {]ikvXcpambncpóp. AXpsImïpXsó B a{´nk`bv¡v iàamb {]XnÑmbbpw Dïmbncpóp. apJya{´nbm bncpó C.Fw.Fkv. \¼qXncn¸mSv hntZicmPy§fnðt]mepw Adnbs¸«ncpó Hcp I½yqWnÌv t\Xmhmbncpóp. Bdv ]Xnämïp IÄ¡n¸pdw CSXp]£¯nsâ t\XrXz¯nepÅ Cu a{´nk`bpambn XmcXayw sN¿pt¼mÄ BZya{´nk` bv¡p XsóbmWv ap³Xq¡w. `q]cnjv¡cW _nñpw IpSnInS¸hImi _nñpw XpS§n Ncn{X]camb ]e t\«§fpw Dïm¡nsbSp¡m³ BZya{´nk`bpsS BZyhÀjw Xsó km[n¨p. P\Iob kÀ¡mÀ FóXv ]qÀ® AÀ°¯nð DÄs¡mïncpó Hcp kÀ ¡mcmbncpóp 57se C. Fw.Fkv. kÀ¡mÀ. ]mÀ«n ta[mhnXzw Dïmbncpsó¦nepw _qÀjm[n]Xyw B kÀ¡mcn\nñmbncpóp. Fñmw icnbm¡msaó ap{ZmhmIyhpambn A[nImc¯nð Ibdn ]nWdmbn kÀ¡mÀ Fs´ ñmw icnbm¡nsbóXmWv s]mXpP\w tNmZn¡póXv. XpS¡w apXð Xsó B tcm]W§fpw aäpambmWv ]ndWmbn kÀ¡mÀ A[nImc¯nsâ BZy]Sn Nhn«nbXv. ]mÀ«nbnse Gähpw apXnÀó t\Xmhpw ap³ apJya{´nbpamb hn.Fkv. ANypXm\µs\ icnbm¡n sbSp¡m\mbncpóp ]nWdmbn BZy\mfpIfnð Gsd hnbÀs¸mgp¡nbXv. apJya{´n¡tkc e£yan«psImïv XncsªSp¸nð ap³ \ncbnð \nsó¦nepw ]mÀ«n A[nImcw In«nbt¸mÄ hn.FÊns\ adóp. a®pwNmcn \nó hnPb³ kJmhv apJya{´n¡tkcbpambn \m«nð hneÊnbt¸mÄ Xm³ Aev]w sNdpXmbnt¸mbn Fó tXmóð hn.FÊn\pïmbnsbómWv ]dbpóXv. Aóp apXð `cW¯n\p apIfnð Hcp Itkc¡mbv At±lw Hfnªpw sXfnªpw Icp¡Ä \o¡n Fómð AXv ]nWdmbn kÀ¡mcns\ icn¡pw \£{Xsa®n¨p. Fñmw icnbm¡m³ hó ]nWdmbn kÀ¡mÀ hn.FÊns\ icnbm¡m³ thïn Hcp ]pXnb XkvXnI Xsó Dïm¡nsbSp¡m³ Xocpam\n ¨p. \nbak`bpsS Hcp {]tXyI kt½f\w Xsó AXn\pthïnhóp. tIcf Ncn{X¯nemZyambn«mWv Hcp XkvXnIbv¡pthïn Hónð IqSpXð Znhk§Ä NÀ¨bv¡v \nbak` thZnbmIpóXv. HSphnð `cW ]cnjv¡mc I½oj³ Fó apJya{´ns¡m¸ ancn¡m\pÅ Hcp XkvXnI hn.FÊn\mbn \nÀ½n¨psImSp¯p. D½³Nmïn a{´nk`bnse Aômw a{´n¡mbn eoKv cwK¯p hót¸mÄ D½³Nmïntbbpw eoKnt\bpw Ipäs¸Sp¯pIbpw Ifnbm¡pIbpw sNbvX kn. ]n.F½pw CSXp]£hpw ]nWdmbn hnPb\pw C§s\sbmcp XkvXnI AhcpsS `cWIme¯pïm¡nbt¸mÄ Ncn{X¯nsâ hnf bm«ambn«ñ aeÀóp InSóv Xp¸nbmepïmIpó A hØbmWpïmbXv. hn.FÊns\ Hcphn[w icnbm¡nsbSp¯t¸mgmWv hyhkmb hIp¸v a{´nbmb PbcmPsâ icn tISv XethZ\bmbXv. kz´¡mÀ¡pw CjvS¡mÀ¡pw hyhkmb hIp¸nse XkvXnIIÄ XosdgpXn s¡mSp¯p FóXmbncpóp PbcmPns\XnscbpÅ Btcm]Ww. am{Xañ AXnð AÀ°hpapsïóv Isï¯nbtXmsS ]nWdmbn AXv F§s\ icnbm¡p saó Nn´bnembn. PbcmPs\ ]pd¯m¡nbmð AXv Xo¡fnbmIpw Csñ¦nð Xsâ Ignhnñmbvasbóv Nn{XoIcn¡s¸Spw. HSphnð Cebv¡pw apÅn\pw tISnñm¯ coXnbnð AXv ]cnlcn¡s¸«p. AXnð Hóv c£s]«t¸mgmWv tem A¡mZan kacw kÀ¡mcns\ ]nSn¨pIpep¡nbXv. apóWn LSI I£nbmb kn. ]n.sF.bpsS t\Xmhnsâ _Ôp_e¯nð temA¡mZan kacw apJya{´n Iïnsñóp \Sn¨t¸mÄ P\§Ä `cWt\XrXz¯nsâ \nkwKXsb ]cnlkn¨p. tIhew hnZymÀ°n {]t£m`ambn `cWIqSw B kacs¯ Iït¸mÄ {]Xn tj[w AebSn¨p. AXv `cWs¯ {]XnIq«nem¡n. HSphnð hnZymÀ°n kac¯n\p ap³]nð ]nWdmbn kÀ¡mcn\v ap«paSt¡ïn hóp. AXpw GXmïv HXp§nbt¸mgmWv ]m¼v ISn¨hsâ Xebnð Xsó CSn¯o hoWXv. kz´w a{´nk`bnse HcwKamb iio{µsâ tað Btcm]n¡s¸« ssewKoImtcm]W ¯nð a{´nk`bpsS {]XnÑmb Xsó \jvSs¸«p. iio{µsâ cmPntbmsS AXpw Hcphn[w icnbmbn. AXpw icnbm¡nbt¸mgmWv aqómdnse Ipcnipw IpSnsbmgn¸n¡epw hóXv. AXv icnbm¡m³ hnbÀs¸mgp¡nb hnPb³ kJmhns\Xnsc BªSn¨psImïv apóWnbnse cïmas¯ I£nbmb kn. ]n.sF. Xocpam\n¨t¸mÄ aqómÀ icn¡pw a{´nk`bv¡v Ipcnimbn amdn. hn. FÊnsâ ]pen¡p«nIÄ hnNmcn¨n«pt]mepw aqómdnse A\[nIrX ssIt¿äw ]nWdmbn kÀ¡mcn\pw Hcp _m²yXbmbn. Cc«N¦pw IÀ¡i at\m`mhhpw aqómdnð HópañmXmbnsbóp Xsó ]dbmw. aqómdnð Hópw icnbmImsX t]mbXnsâ £oWw amdpw ap³]mWv kzImcy hnZym`ymk¯nsâ _enbmSmb PnjvWphnsâ A½bpsS sk{I«dntbäv amÀ¨v kÀ¡mcns\ ]nSn¨p Ipep¡nbXv. Ncn{Xkac§fmb ]pó{]bpw ssI¿qcpsams¡ \S¯n A[nIm cnIsf A¼c¸n¨pw P\§sf Bthi¯nepw Bß _e¯nepw ]nSn¨p\nÀ¯nb ]mc¼cyapÅ tIcf¯nse I½yqWnÌv ]mÀ«nbpsS Ct¸mgs¯ kÀ¡mÀ Hcp ]mhw A½bpsS \oXn¡mbpÅ t]mcm«w Iïnsñóp \Sn¨Xv ]nWdmbn kÀ¡mcnsâ [mÀjvTyat\m`mh¯bmtWm ImWn¨Xv. AtXm ]mÀ«n _qÀjzm Nn´m KXn¡mcpsS Xmhf¯nembXmtWmsbóv Nn´nt¡ïnbncn¡póp. ]mÀ«n A\p`mhn IqSnbmb AhÀ¡p t]mepw \oXn In«nbnsñóv hnaÀin¡s¸Spt¼mÄ ]nsó BÀ¡v \oXn In«pw. CSn¯o hoWXp t]msebmWv sk³IpamÀ tIÊnð kÀ¡mcn\pïmbXv. kp{]owtImSXn kÀ¡mcns\ imkn¡pI am{Xañ hSnsbSp¯v ASn¡pI IqSn sNbvXp. Hcp DtZymKØs\ amänbXnð Hcp kÀ¡mcn\v ]ng ASbv¡Wsaóv kp{]owtImSXn hn[n¡pó BZykÀ¡mcmbn C\nbpw ]nWdmbn kÀ¡mÀ Fópw Adnbs¸Spw. Hcp Imcy¯nð ]nWdmbn hnPb\v A`nam\n¡mw tIcf¯nse BZyapJya{´nsb t]mse tImSXnbpsS hnaÀ i\¯n\v Cu apJya{´nbpw tImSXnbpsS CjvSt¡Spïmbnsbóv apJya{´n ]nWdmbn hnPb\v A`nam\n¡mw. Npcp¡¯nð Fñmw icnbm¡m\mbn hó ]nWdmbn kÀ¡mcn\v ]e`mK¯p \nópw icn¡pw In«nsbóXmWv Hcp hÀjs¯ `cW¯nð IqSn sXfnbn¡póXv. Fómð CXn\nSbnð ]e \ñImcy§fpw sN¿m³ IgnªpsbóXpw FSp¯p ]dbmw. D tZymKØÀ¡nSbnð sXäp sNbvXmð in£ hcpsaó tXmóð DïmbXpw Hm^okpIfnð Imcy£aambpw {]hÀ¯n¸n¡m³ \S]SnsbSp¯Xpw Hcp henb Imcyw Xsó. aXt\Xm¡ fpw hÀ¤ob ]mÀ«nIÄ¡pw A[nImcw ssI¿n«p hmcm³ CXp hscbpw IgnªnsñóXv A`nam\n¡mw Fómð ]nÅsbt¸mse Hcp CuÀ¡nÄ ]mÀ«nbpsS t\Xmhnsâ `ojWntbbpw `b¡póptïmsbópw kwibw. F´mbmepw Btcm]W§fpw {]Xymtcm]W§fpambn ]nWdmbn kÀ¡mÀ Hcp hÀjw ]nón«p Ignªp. kÀ¡mcnsâ t\«hpw tIm«hpw Iq«n¡ngn¡m³ C\nbpw \mep hÀ j§Ä¡qSn _m¡nbpïv. Cu ImewsImïv anI¨ `cWw ImgvNsh¨mð hoïpw A[nImc¯nð Ibdmw. Csñ¦nð {]Xn]£ ¯ncn¡mw. Hcp Imcyw Xpdóp ]dbmw `cW¯nð _elo\\mbncpsó¦nepw hn.FÊpw hn«phogvNIÄ sImïv _elo\\mbn amdnb D½³Nmïnbpw Cópw P\a\ÊpIfnð \ndªp \nð¡póp. Ahscm óp IqSn hóncpóv B{Kln¡pó P\w Cópw \½psS tIcf¯nepïv. AhÀs¡m ¸sa¯m³ apJya{´n ]nWdmbn hnPb\v km[n¨n«nñm sbóXmWv Hcp kXymhØ.

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