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{]hmknam[ya {]hIv A`nam\ \nanjw

tPmPv sImmcw

Story Dated: 2017-11-10

\yqtbmÀ¡v: tIcf skâdnsâ am[ya AhmÀUv Pn³kv--tam³ ]n. k¡dnb Gäphm§nbt¸mÄ Rm³ DĸsSbpÅ {]hmkn am[ya{]hÀ¯IÀ¡v Gsd A`nam\n¡mhpó \nanj§fmWv k½m\n¨Xv. {]hmknam[ya{]hÀ¯IcpsS CSbnð Bdp{]kn²oIcW§fpsS Aac¡mc\mbncpópsImïv thdn« {]hÀ¯\w ImgvNsh¨mWv At±lw Cu t\«w kz´am¡nbXv. 17 hÀjambn am[yataJebnð {]hÀ¯n¡pó Pn³kv--tam³ 11 hÀjw ap¼mWv kz´w {]kn²oIcWw Bcw`n¨Xv. t\mÀ¯v Atacn¡bnepw anUnð CuÌnepw bqtdm¸nepw aqóv FUnj\pambn XpS§nb A£cw amKknsâ ]»ojdpw No^v FUnädpambn«mbncpóp XpS¡w. {]hmktemI¯v AXphsc Bcpw ImgvNhbv¡ms¯ ]co£W§Ä \S¯ns¡mïmbncpóp am[yakwcw`hpambn Pn³kv--tam³ F¯nbXv. amKknsâ DffS¡¯nð ]c¼cmKXcoXn hn«psImïpÅ ]co£WamWv At±lw \S¯nbXv. AXv h³hnPbambncpópshóXnsâ sXfnhmWv AXnsâ Cós¯ hfÀ¨.

A£cw amKkn³ Bcw`n¨v cïphÀj¯n\p tijw Cw¥ojv amKkn³ Gjy³ CdbpsS {]km[I\pw knCHbpambn {]hÀ¯\w XpS§n. Cu cïp{]kn²oIcW§fpw \ñcoXnbnð aptóm«p t]mIpóXn\nsSbnð t\mÀ¯v Atacn¡bnse aebmfnIÄ¡mbn ]{Xw Fó kz]v--\hpambn Pn³kv--tam³ {]hÀ¯\w XpS§n. Ignª AôphÀj¯n\nsSbnð Atacn¡bnepw Im\Ubnepambn Gähpw IqSpXð aebmfnIÄ hmbn¡pó ]{Xambn Pbvlnµv hmÀ¯ hfÀóp. AhXcWcoXnbnepw te Hu«nepw anIhp]peÀ¯ns¡mïv XnIª{]^jWenkt¯msSbmWv Pn³kv--tam³ sNbÀam\mb Pbvlnµv hmÀ¯ hmb\¡mcpsS ssIIfnse¯póXv. Atacn¡³ aebmfnIÄ AdntbïXmb Fñmhnhc§fpw ]{X¯nð DÄs¡mÅn¡m³ At±lw AXoh Pm{KX ]peÀ¯pópsïóv B ]{X¯nsâ hmb\¡mÀ¡v \ómbn AdnhpÅImcyamWv.

Atacn¡³ aebmfnIsf t^m¡kv sNbvXpsImïv, Ahsc t{]mÕmln¸n¨psImïv AhcpsS {]iv--\§Ä GsäSp¯psImïv Pbvlnµv hmÀ¯ ]pd¯nd¡m³ Pn³kv--tam³ Gsd {i²n¡pópïv. Xm³ BZyw XpS§nb {]Øm\w Atacn¡bnse t\mÀ¯v C´y³{Kq¸pambn klIcn¨v hn]pes¸Sp¯m³ At±l¯n\v IgnªpshóXv henb t\«w XsóbmWv. ]e {]kn²oIcW§fpw Bcw`n¨v amk§Ä¡pÅnð ]q«nt]mIpt¼mÄ {]kn²oIcWw XpS§n hÀj§Ä Ignª tijw henb _nkn\kv {Kq¸pambn {]hÀ¯\w hn]pes¸Sp¯m³ IgnªphsóXv Pn³kv--tamsâ {]hÀ¯\anIhpXsóbmWv.

C´y¡mÀ¡pthïnbpÅ Atacn¡bnse Gähpwhenb Cw¥ojv ]{Xamb ku¯v Gjy³ ssSwknsâ No^v Hm¸tdäohv Hm^okdmbpw At±lw anI¨ {]hÀ¯\amWv ImgvNhbv¡póXv. {]hmkn A¨Sn am[yacwK¯v At±lw XpS§nh¨ hgnbneqsSbmWv Cóv ]eam[ya§fpw {]hÀ¯n¡póXv. am[yataJebnse amä§Ä ss[cy]qÀhw GsäSp¯psImïv \S¸nðhcp¯phm\pw {]hÀ¯n¡m\pw At±lw ImWn¡pó BÀÖhw GhÀ¡pw amXrIbm¡mhpóXmWv. t\mÀ¯v Atacn¡bnse A£c§sf kv--t\ln¡póhsc Iq«ntbmPn¸n¨psImïv C³tUm Atacn¡³ {]kv--¢_v (sFF]nkn) Øm]n¨Xv At±l¯nsâ t\XrXz¯nemWv. AXneqsS Rm³ DĸsSbpÅhÀ¡v apJy[mcbnte¡v F¯m³ km[n¨p. ]{X{]hÀ¯\¯nð amÌÀ _ncpZw Dsï¦nepw {]hmk temI¯nb tijw ]{X{]hÀ¯\s¯ Imcyambn FSp¯ncpónñ. Fómð, sFF]nkn htómsS anI¨ ]cnioe\¯neqsS anI¨ coXnbnð am[ya{]hÀ¯\w \S¯m³ Ftót]mepÅhÀ¡v IgnbpóXv Pn³kv tamsâ ZoÀLhojW¯nsâ ^eamWv. {]hmk temIs¯ Fñm am[ya{]hÀIÀ¡pw Cu kwLS\bnð AwKXzw \ðIns¡mïv Ahsc ]cnioen¸n¨v apJy[mcbnse¯n¡m³ At±lw hln¨ ]¦v hfsc hepXmWv.

sFF]nkn XpS§n Npcp§nb hÀj§Ä¡pÅnð Xsó \mev A´mcm{ã am[yakt½f\w \S¯m³ At±l¯ntâ t\XrXz¯n\mbn.  {]hmknIfmb am[ya{]hÀ¯IÀ¡v temI¯nsâ hnhn[`mK§fnð\nópÅ {]ikvXsc am[yakt½f\¯n\v F¯n¨v ]cnioe\w \ðIpó Imcy¯nð Pn³kv--tamsâ Xmð¸cyw hfsc hepXmWv. {]hmknIfmb Fñ Fgp¯pImcpw {]^jWð coXnbnðXsó am[ya{]hÀ¯\w \S¯Wsaó Pn³kv--tamsâ B{KlamWv sFF]nknbpsS Cós¯ hfÀ¨ ImWn¡póXv.

A¨Sn am[yacwK¯pam{Xañ, Zriyam[yacwK¯pw At±lw hnXykvX§fmb {]hÀ¯\§fmWv ImgvNh¨n«pÅXv. t\mÀ¯v Atacn¡³ knänIfnð dnbmenän tjm tlmÌv sNbvXXn\v hmÀ¯m am[ya§fnð {i² t\Snb Pbvlnµv Snhn, bpFkvFbpsS UbdÎdmb At±lw {it²bamb \nch[n ]cn]mSnIfmWv Zriyam[ya§Ä¡pthïn sNbvXn«pÅXv. Atacn¡bnð C´y³ IpSntbä¡mÀ A\p`hn¡pó _p²nap«pIsf A[nImcnIfpsS {i²bnðs¸Sp¯m³ At±lw AWnbns¨mcp¯nb bpFkv Ubdn Fó t{]m{Kman\v Ignªp. am[ya{]hÀ¯\¯ns\m¸w am[yakwcw`I³, am[yaIq«mbvabpsS t\Xmhv XpS§n am[yacwKhpambn _Ôs¸« kakvX taJebnepw Ct¸mgpw kPohambn {]hÀ¯n¡pó Pn³kv--tam³ Cu AhmÀUn\v F´psImïpw Btc¡mfpw tbmKy\msWóXnð cï`n{]mbanñ.

C´y³ Atacn¡³ tIcf IĨÀ Bâv knhnIv skâÀ hnhn[cwK§fnð hyàn ap{Z ]Xn¸n¨hsc BZcn¡póXnð HcmfmIm³ Pn³kv--tam\v IgnªXv At±l¯nsâ {]hÀ¯\ anIhpsImïpam{XamWv. kwLS\bpsS Ccp]¯ômw hmÀjnIw {]amWn¨v \hw_À \men\v \Só NS§nð Pn³kv--tam³ ]n.k¡dnb AS¡apÅhÀ AhmÀUpIÄ Gäphm§n. tIcfm skâÀ 1991 apXð FñmhÀjhpw hnhn[ cwK§fnð {it²bamb t\«§Ä ssIhcn¨hÀ¡v ]pckv--¡mcw \ðInhcpóp. e`n¡pó \ma \nÀt±i¯nð \nóv AÀlcmbhsc I½än sXcsªSp¡pIbmWv ]Xnhv, AXv C{]mhiyhpw AtX Iogv hg¡w XpScpIbmbncpópshóv tIcf skâÀ {]knUâv X¼n Xe¸nÅnð ]dªp.


Pn³kv--tams\ IqSmsX Cu hÀjw AhmÀUn\v AÀlcmbhÀ bpFkv sd{]sktâäohv t^mÀ hmjnwKvS¬ kv--tääv--kv skh³Xv tIm¬{KjWð Unkv{SnÎpw, bpFÊv lukv Hm^v sd{]sktâäohnte¡v BZyambn sXcsªSp¡s¸« C´y³ Atacn¡¡mcnbpamb {]aof Pbv]mð, AtämWn A¸³ tat\m³, ( \nbatkh\§Ä¡v þthmav--kÀ ]mÀSvWÀ, sIbv--en, Kmse^v& Pmt¡m_v--kv LLP tem t^w , \yptbmÀIv) , tUm: joe (kmlnXyw), tUm: A.K.B ]nÅbv ( lypam\äokv), joe {ioIpamÀ ( IayqWnän kÀhokv) FónhcmWv. kwLS\bpsS knðhÀ Pq_nen sse^v ssSw AhmÀUpIÄ e`n¨Xv þim´n `h³ Øm]I³ tUm: F{_lmw tPmÀPv,  hyhkmbnbpw kanþk_n³k Øm]I\pw sNbÀam\pamb tUm. apl½Zv aPoZv, {io[À tat\m³, sImfw_nb bqWnthgv--knän s{]m^kÀ ]n. tkmakpµc³, hyhkmbn Zneo]v hÀKokv FónhÀ¡mWv.

^v--ejnwKnse thÄUv--kv s^bÀ ado\bnð \Só NS§nð, am[ya AhmÀUv Gäphm§ns¡mïv Xsâ AhmÀUv Fñm am[ya{]hÀ¯IÀ¡pamsWóv Pn³kv tam³ ]n.k¡dnb ]dªp. A¨Sn am[ya§fpambn ZimЧfpsS _Ôapïv. FXv--\nIv aoUnb¡v \½psS kwkv--¡mchpw ]mc¼cyhpw amXr`mjbpw Bbn Hcp _Ôw ]p\À\nÀ½nt¡ï Bhiyapsïópw At±lw ]dªp. 

kmwkv--¡cnI kwKa¯nsâ sshhn[y¯nð hfÀóp hcpó Atacn¡bnse ]pXnb Xeapd \½psS kwkv--¡mcs¯ IqSpXð DÄs¡mtÅïXmWv. \½psS FXv--\nIv \yqkv{]nâv--kv, s^ÌnhepIÄ, Iq«mbvaIÄ Fñmw Xsó HmÀ½s¸Sp¯póXv kwkv--¡mct¯mSpw ]mc¼cyt¯mSpw ChÀ ASp¯p hcpóp FóXmWv. \½Ä sN¿pó sNdpImcy§fneqsS Ahcnte¡v kwkv--¡mcs¯ ]IÀóv \ðIpIbmWv sNt¿ïXv. AñmsX Ahcnte¡v Dulmt]ml§fpw aäpw Ip¯n \ndbv¡pIbñ  thïXv. þPn³kv tam³ ]n. k¡dnb ]dªp. am[ya§fpsS {]kkànbpw {]hÀ¯\§fpw Hmtcm Znhkhpw ]co£n¡s¸SpIbmsWóp ]dª At±lw am[ya§Ä¡v BtcmsS¦nepw hnt[bXzhpw ]n³XpWbpw {]Jym]n¡pI km[yasñópw Iq«nt¨À¯p.

AhmÀUn\v AÀlcmb aäv C´y³ hwiPÀþ

{]aof Pbv]mð: bpFÊv sd{]sktâäohv t^mÀ hmjnwKvS¬ kv--tääv--kv skh³Xv tIm¬{KjWð Unkv{SnÎv BWv {]aof. bpFÊv lukv Hm^v sd{]sktâäohnte¡v XncsªSp¡s¸« BZy C´y³ Atacn¡³ Bb ChÀ sNssó kztZinbmWv. sUtam{ImänIv tIm¡knse ko\nbÀ hn¸mbpw, _UvPäv I½nän sshkv dm¦nwKv sa¼dmbpw, tIm¬{KjWð t{]m{Kkohv tIm¡kv BZy sshkv sNbÀ Bbpw, PpUojydn I½än sa¼dmbpw {]hÀ¯n¡póp. lukv Hm^v sd{]sktâäohv Bbn XncsªSp¡s¸Spw ap³]v {]aof hmjnwKvS¬ tÌäv sk\änepw {]hÀ¯n¨n«pïv. h¬ Atacn¡ Fó Can{Kâv AUz¡kn  HmÀKss\tkjsâ Øm]Ibpw, FIv--knIyq«ohv UbdÎdpamWv.

A¸³ tat\m³:  thmav--kÀ ]mÀSvWdpw, sIbv--en, Kmse^v& Pmt¡m_v--kv FðFð]n Fó aqóv ZimÐambn {]hÀ¯n¨phcpó tem t^anse AwKhpamWv.  _m¦pIfpsS tem¬ {]iv--\§Ä ssIImcyw sN¿pIbpw, sU_väv dn¡hdn, ^n\m³jyð Øm]\§Ä¡mhiyamb \nba klmb§fpw \ðIn hcpóp. Ct±l¯nsâ tImÀ¸tdäv tem sUmaÌnIv , t^mdn³ \nba hi§Ä ssIImcyw sN¿póp. C´ybv¡pw bpFÊn\pw CSbnepÅ sUmaÌnIv AIznknj³kv, t{Imkv t_mÀUÀ AIznknj³kv , Atacn¡bnse C´y³ I¼\nIÄ¡mbpÅ k_v--koUnbdokv, C´y³ I¼\nIfpw Atacn¡³ I¼\nIfpw X½nepÅ _nkn\Êv UoepIfpw ssIImcyw sN¿póp. tImÀ]tdäv {Sm³km£³kv, tIkpIÄ Fónhbv¡mbpw Ct±lw A¸nbÀ sN¿póp. _m¦pIÄ, aÄ«n \mjWð I¼\nIÄ Fónhbv¡mbn F¨vþ1,Fðþ1, PERM hok \nba \S]Sn {Ia§fpw \S¯n hcpóp. Imen¡«v , _mwKfqÀ bqWnthgv--knänIfnð \nópw hnZym`ymkw ]qÀ¯nbm¡nb, A¸³ tat\³ sS¼nÄ bqWnthgv--knänbnð \nópw FðFðFw t\Snbn«pïv. C´ybnepw \yqtbmÀ¡nepw {]mÎokv \S¯nbn«pïv.

tUm. joe: \nch[n ]{X am[ya§fnð FgpXnbn«pÅ joe Hcp t\mhð DĸsS Ggv IrXnIÄ cNn¨n«pïv. ChcpsS t\mhen\v A´mcm{ã AwKoImchpw t\Sm\mbn«pïv. Beph skâv tkhntbgv--kv tImtfPnð \nómWv joe A²ym]\w Bcw`n¨Xv. AhnsS lnµn Un¸mÀ«v--saâv slUmbn ap¸¯ôv hÀjw tkh\w A\pãn¨p. kwkv--IrX¯nepw, aebmf¯nepapÅ  skan\mdpIfnð hnknänwKv ^mIðän Bbn«pïv. sIm¨n³ bqWnthgv--knän kb³kv & sSIv--t\mfPnbnð \nópw Iw¼mctääohv enätd¨À & FenPnbnð ]nF¨vUn t\Snbn«pïv. am{Xañ lnµn,Cw¥ojv,kwkv--IrXw, aebmfw Fóo `mjIfnð t]mÌv {KmPpthj\pw ChÀ t\Sn. XntbmfPn & {InkvXy³ hpa¬ FPypt¡j³ Fó hnjb¯nð Unt¹ma tlmfUdpw IqSnbmWv joe. 2006þapXð joe \yptbmÀInð ØncXmakam¡nb joe \nch[n hÀIv--tjm¸pIfnepw skan\mdpIfnepw ]¦mfnbmbn«pïv.

tUm. F.sI._n. ]nÅbv: BßobX, kÀ¤mßIX, Úm\w Fónh IqSnt¨Àsómcp hyànXzamWv ]nÅ. sImfw_nb bqWnthgv--knänbnð \nópw Fw.Fbpw, ]nF¨vUn B{´t¸mfPnbnð Ct±lw t\Snbn«pïv. CXn\v \mjWð C³Ìnänbq«v Hm^v saâð slðXv, bpFÊvFbpsS s^tñmjn¸n\pw AÀl\mbn. sImfw_nb bqWnthgv--knän skan\mÀ Atkmkntbäv Bbpw {]hÀ¯n¡póp. Iw]mcäohv enätd¨À, lypam\näokv, saUn¡ð ÌUokv Fónhbnepw Ct±lw hnZym`ymkw t\Sn«pïv. Ct±lw Xsó hnIkn¸n¨ Câ{Kð sUhe]v--saâv sXdm¸nbnepw, t]gv--kWmenän sUhe]v--saâv knÌw, sUhe]v--saâð {Sm³kv--IĨdð,  sskIym{Sn, tbmK Fónhbnepw ¢mkpIÄ \S¯póp. Ct±l¯nsâ ]Xv--\n tUmW ]nÅ Atacn¡³ A{´t¸mfPn¡ð Atkmkntbjsâ s^tñmjn¸v t\Snbn«pïv. Ccphcpw Hón¨v {]mÎokv \S¯póp.

joe {ioIpamÀ: \nch[n {]mtZinI tZiob IayqWnänIÄ¡v thïv {]hÀ¯n¡pó hyànbmWv joe {ioIpamÀ. hbemdnð P\n¨p hfÀó joe F³FkvFkv hpa³kv tImtfPv Xncph\´]pc¯mWv ]Tn¨Xv. ]nóoSv FdWmIpfw tem tImtfPnð \nóv tem Un{Kn ]mkmbn. ]T\Ime¯v at\mca _meP\kJyw tNÀ¯e bqWnb³ {]knUâmbpw, tIcf bqWnthgv--knän Iu¬kneÀ, Kh¬saâv tem tImtfPv sshkv sNbÀam³ Fóo \neIfnð {]hÀ¯n¨n«pïv. Atacn¡bnð F¯nb tijw IcpW Nmcnäokv \yptbmÀ¡nsâ {]knUâmbpw, tIcf Atkmkntbj³, NJ {]knUâv , t_mÀUv Hm^v {SÌn, thÄUv aebmfn Iu¬knð D]tZiI, FOMAA sNbÀ t]gv--k¬, Gjy³ Atacn¡³ Atkmkntbj³ \yptbmÀIv sk{I«dn Fóo \neIfnepw {]hÀ¯n¨n«pïv. \ehnð IayqWnän {]hÀ¯\§fpambn _Ôs¸«v InS¡pó dknUâv FItWmanIv Fw]hÀsaâv Fó kwLS\bpsS tImHmÀUnt\ädmbn {]hÀ¯n¡póp.

tUm. F{_lmw tPmÀPv:  km¼¯nIambpw kmaqlnIambpw ]nónð \nð¡pó IpSpw_§fnse hnZymÀ°nIÄ¡v hnZym`ymkw \ðIpI Fó e£yt¯msS {]hÀ¯n¡pó im´n`h³ dknU³jyð kv--IqÄ, C´y³ C³Ìnänbq«v Hm^v tPWenkw Bâv \yqaoUnb, Xangv--\m«nsebpw IÀ®mSI¯nsebpw 15 {Kma{]tZi hmknIfpsS BtcmKy {]iv--\§sf ]cnlcn¡pó _mðtZhv saUn¡ð & IayqWnän skâÀ Fóo kwLS\Ifnð {]hÀ¯n¨p t]mcpIbmWv Ct±lw. ]mcnØnXnI {]iv--\§Ä ]cnlcn¡m³ thïn C´ybnð \mjWð sd^dð skâÀ t^mÀ eoUv t]mbnkWnwKv C³ C´y Fó kwLS\bv¡v cq]w \ðIn. CâÀ\mjWð ^n\m³kv Bâv F³hbd¬saâv , C´y S¨vUv: Z s^mÀtKm«³ s^bv--kv Hm^v dqdð t]mhÀ«n XpS§n \mtemfw ]pkvXI§fpsS cNbnXmhv IqSnbmWv Ct±lw. F{_lmw ap³]v tImÀs]mtdäv Atacn¡bv¡v thïn {]hÀ¯n¨n«pïv. am{Xañ Hcp _nÊn\kv kwcw`I\pw IqSnbmWv Ct±lw.

tUm. apl½Zv aPoZv: kanþk_n³k {Kq¸v Øm]I sNbÀam³ Bb tUm. apl½Zv aPoZv , imkv{XÚ³, KthjI³, kwcw`I³ Fóo \neIfnð {]ikvX\mWv. BbpÀthZhpw B[p\nI saUnkn\pw sImïv ' \yq{Smkyq«n¡ðkv Bâv tImkvakyq«n¡ðkv' Fó t]cnð e£¡W¡n\v hntZinIfpsS hnizmkw t\SnsbSp¯p. {]apJ ^mÀa I¼\nIfmb ]n^nkÀ inc , ImÀ«À hmsebv--kv FónhnS§fnepw, ]mtIm dnskÀ¨nsâ slUv dnskÀ¨dmbpw {]hÀ¯n¨n«pïv. 1988þð \ypPgv--knbnð k_n³k tImÀ]tdj³ Fó t]cnð \mNzdð t{]mUÎn\mbn Hcp Øm]\w Bcw`n¨p. BbpÀthZhpw tamtU³ saUnkn\pw kwtbmPn¸n¨psImïpÅ Hcp kwcw`amb kan em_v--kv enanäUv _mwKfqcnð Øm]n¨p. 200Hmfw imkv{XÚcmWv ChnsS {]hÀ¯n¡póXv. _tbmsIankv{Sn, HmÀKm\nIv sIankv{Sn, Snjyp¡Ä¨À,  _tbmsSIv--t\mfPn Fóo taJeIfnepÅ KthjW§fmWv ChnsS \S¡póXv. BbpÀthZ {KÙ§fnð DÄs¸Sp¯nbn«nñm¯ Nne A]qÀÆ kky§sf¸änbpw Ct±lw KthjWw \S¯pIbpïmbn. BbpÀthZ¯nð \nópw {]tNmZ\w Dðs¡mïv sImïmWv, \yq{Smkyq«n¡ð, tImkvakyq«n¡ð Fó Bibw cq]s¸«Xv. Ct±lw ]nóoSv _yq«n {_m³Umb kan UndÎpw, sPm\mc tImkvakyq«n¡ðkpw Bcw`n¨p. KpWta³abpÅ Blmc ]ZmÀ°§Ä Dð¸mZn¸n¡póXn\mbn tke¯v IÀjI¡q«mbva Dïm¡n ^e{]Zamb coXnbnð Irjn kwhn[m\§Ä \S¸nð hcp¯pIbpïmbn. At±l¯nsâ C¯cw {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡v _lpaXn \ðIn C´ybpw, aäv ]e kwLS\Ifpw BZcn¡pIbpïmbn. km¼¯nIambn ]ntóm¡w \nð¡pó hnZymÀ°nIfpsS ]T\ \nehmcw sa¨s¸Sp¯phm³ AhÀ¡v kuP\y FwFkv Hm^okv, sUkv--Iv tSm¸v B¹nt¡j³ tkm^vSv--hbÀ Fónhbnð s{Sbn\nwKv \ðIpó kwLS\bv¡pw cq]w sImSp¯p.

{io[À tat\m³: Atacn¡³ FIv--kv{]kv _m¦v enanäUnsâ ap³ sU]yq«n {]knUâv Øm\¯v \nópw hncan¨ hyànbmWv. hnäntbm {Kq¸nsâ Øm]I\pw CIznän ]mÀSv--\dpw, kXÀemâv t¥m_ð kÀÆokv, ]Xnt\gv cmPy§fnembn 36,000 t]À tPmen sN¿pó tdmsNÌdnse SGS&BPO /KPO I¼\nbpsS D]tZiIkanXn AwKw Fóo \neIfnð {]hÀ¯n¡póp. SGS \v 1.3 _ney¬ hmÀjnI hcpam\amWpÅXv. _m¦nwKv & ^n\m³jyð kÀhokv, C³jpd³kv, sSenIayqWnt¡j³kv, sSIv--t\mfPn , slðXv sIbÀ, FbÀsse³& {Smhð Fóo taJeIfnembn SGS sâ {]hÀ¯\w hym]n¨p InS¡póp. Gähpw henb Bð¡tlmfnIv _nhtdPkv am\p^mIvNdnwKv I¼\nbmb bpssWäUv kv]ncnäv enanäUv C´ybpsSbpw, sshäv & ams¡ enanäUnsâbpw t_mÀUv UbdÎtdgv--knð Hcmfmbpw {]hÀ¯n¡póp. Atacn¡³ FIv--kv{]kv _m¦v enanäUnsâ bpsIbnsebpw bpssWäUv tÌänsebpw amt\Pv--saâv s]mknj\pIfnð {]hÀ¯n¨n«pïv. Cu _m¦pambn sNÀóv {]hÀ¯n¡pw ap³]v Ið¡« bqWnb³ _m¦v Hm^v C´ybnð 1959 apXð 62hsc {]hÀ¯n¨ncpóp.

s{]m^. tkmakpµc³:  sImfw_nb bqWnthgv--knänbnse an\dð F³Pn\nbdnwKv hn`mKw s{]m^kmdmWv tkmakpµc³. 1985þð BWv \mjð A¡mUan Hm^v  F³Pn\obdnwKnð F¯póXv. ]nóoSv \mjWð A¡mUan Hm^v C³shtâgv--knepw, ssN\okv \mjWð A¡mUan Hm^v  F³Pn\obdnwKv,  C´y³ \mjWð A¡mUan Hm^v F³Pn\obdnwKv, djy³ A¡mUan Hm^v \mNzdð kb³kv, _m𡬠A¡mUan Hm^v an\dð sSIv--t\mfPn Fónhbnð tNÀóv {]hÀ¯n¨p. Im\Ubnse tdmbð skmsskän Hm^v Im\U t^mdn³ s^tñm Bbn 2010þð XncsªSp¯p. Fñnkv sFeâv saUð Hm^v HmWÀ 1990þð Ct±l¯n\v e`n¡pIbpïmbn. 2010þð ]Xna{io ]pckv--¡mcw e`n¨p. 2015þð sS¡\n¡ð Csómthj\v NSF AeIv--kv jzmÀkv--tIm^v AhmÀUv e`n¨p. 2016 HtÎm_dnð IMPC Iyp_Insâ sse^v ssSw A¨ohv--saâv AhmÀUv e`n¨p. C´ybnse KpcpXc {]iv--\§fmb shÌv hm«À \mt\mtSmIv--knknän, tem Izmfnän t^mkv--t^mäv sFcv Fónhbv¡mbn dntk¨v hÀ¡pIÄ \S¯n. C´ybnsebpw Atacn¡bnsebpw aäv ]e cmPy§fnsebpw PBD -2915 eoUv--kv]o¡dmbn t]mbn«pïv.  ]e C´y¡mcpw At±l¯nsâ ssKU³knð _ncpZw ]qÀ¯nbm¡n henb \neIfnð hntZi§fnð {]hÀ¯n¡pópïv. C´ybnse AarX bqWnthgv--knänbnð tlmWddn s{]m^kdmbn {]hÀ¯n¨n«pïv. C´y³ C³Ìnänbq«v Hm^v sSIv--t\mfPn, t_mws_, C´y³ C³Ìnänbq«v Hm^v kb³kv(_mKfqÀ),  C´y³ C³Ìnänbq«v Hm^v SIv--t\mfPn ( a{Zmkv),  FðsI sIan¡ðkv ( ]qs\) , Smä dntk¨v sUhe]v--saâv Bâv Unssk³ (]qs\) Fónhcpambn klIcn¨v {]hÀ¯n¨n«pïv.

Zneo]v hÀKokv: \qdv aney¬ hmÀjnI hnäphchv t\Spó \yqtPgv--knbnse Hcp kwcw`I\mWv Zneo]v.  F³Pn\obdmbncpó Ct±lw s^Udð tÌäv kÀ¡mcnsâ F³Pn\obdnwKv s{]mPÎv, tIm¬{SmÎv hÀ¡pIfnemWv {i² tI{µoIcn¨ncn¡póXv. bpFÊv ane«dnbpsS am{Xw Bbncw t{]mPÎpIÄ Ct±lw GsäSp¯v \S¯nbn«pïv. Hmtcm hÀjhpw CS]mSpIfnð kXykÔXbpw hnizmkyXbpw hÀ²n¸n¡phm³ Zneo]n\v km[n¨n«pïv. PohImcpWy {]hÀ¯\¯nepw Ct±lw {i² ]Xn¸n¨n«pïv. Hcp kv--Iqfpw, IayqWnän {]hÀ¯\§fpw, \nch[n Nmcnän {]hÀ¯\§fpw \S¯n hcpóp. cmPy¯n\I¯pw ]pd¯pambn \nch[n AhmÀUpIÄ Ct±ls¯t¯Sn F¯nbn«pïv. {]hmkn Nm\ensâ NAMY ( t\mÀXv Atacn¡³ aebmfn Hm^v Z CbÀ ) AhmÀUv t\Snbn«pïv. tIcf tN¼À Hm^v sImtagv--kv C³ t\mÀXv Atacn¡ ( KCCNA )  Øm]I sNbÀam³ IqSnbmWv Zneo]v.

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