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]nWdmbn ]d GtXm ]n BcmWv; tem AmZan hnjbhpw ]n{]tbmKns kXymhbpw Fv? atml _wmhnse Ahnizmks tXmakv sFkv adnISptam?

മാർട്ടിൻ ഈരേശ്ശേരിൽ

Story Dated: 2017-02-08
----------------------------aebmfnIÄ adópt]mb Xangv hwiP\mb Hcp aebmfnbpsS t]cmWv ]n.kpµcw]nÅ. 'at\mòWnbw kpµc\mÀ' Fó t]cnð Ct±ls¯ Cópw XangÀ HmÀ¡pópïv. Xangv\mSv kÀ¡mÀ Hcp kÀÆIemimebv¡v At±l¯n³sd t]cp \ðIn Xsó BZcn¨ncn¡póp.

Be¸pgbnð P\n¨p hfÀóv, hnZym`ymkw sNbvX Ct±ls¯ Be¸pg¡mÀ Adnbnñ FóXv hfsc hnNn{XamWv. Be¸pg¡mcmb {]Kð`cpsS t]cv ]dbpt¼mÄ Cu t]cv Bcpw kvacn¡póXv Iïn«panñ. Ipd¨p hÀj§Ä¡p ap³]v, Ct±lw Be¸pg Fkv.Un.hn. kvIqfnð ]Tn¨ncpóp Fó Adnhnð Ct±ls¯ ¡pdn¨v Rm³ Nne At\zjW§Ä \S¯nsb¦nepw ^esamóp apïmbnñ. Ct¸mÄ, em A¡mUan hnhmZw AXn\pÅ hgn Xpdóp Xóp. Be¸pg¡mcpw aebmfnIfpw adópIqSm¯ t]cmWv, 'at\mòWnbw kpµc \mÀ' Fó ]n.kpµcw]nÅ. (1855 – 1897). At±l¯n³sd t]cnð kvamcI§Ä DbÀ¯nbnsñ¦nepw tdmUpIÄ \maIcWw sNbvXnsñ¦nepw aebmfnIÄ ]n.kpµcw]nÅsb ad¡mXncn¡pI.

Xangv\m«nse Xncp\ðthen Pnñbnse Hcp kÀhIemimebpsS t]cmWv 'at\mòWnbw kpµc\mÀ bqWnthgvknän'. kzm{ib tImtfPpIÄ XpS§pw ap³]v Xangv \m«nð t]mbn ]Tn¨ tIcfnbcmb Ht«sd aebmfn Fôn\obdnwKv _ncpZZmcnIfpsS amXr kÀÆIemimebmWXv. 1885 G{]nð 4 \p Be¸pgbnð P\n¨ aebmfnbmb ]n.kpµcw ]nÅbpsS t]cnemWv, Cu kÀhIemime Øm]n¡s¸«n«pÅXv- Fóv! AhnsS ]Tn¨nd §nb F{X aebmfnIÄ¡v Adnbmw ? Xangv hwiP\mbncpó At±l¯n³sd cN\IÄ Gsdbpw Xangnð Bbncpóp. 'Xangv tj¡v-kv]obÀ' Fódnbs¸«ncpó At±l¯n³sd {][m\IrXn 'at\mòWnbw' Fó Xangv \mSIamWv. Cu \mSI¯nse AhXcW Km\amb 'Xangv Xmbv hmgv¯v' Fó Km\w Xangv\mSn³sd tZiob Km\ambn kzoIcn¡s¸SpIbpïmbn. Cu \mSI¯n³sd t]cnt\mSv tNÀ¯v Adnbs¸«XpsImïmWv ]n.kpµcw ]nÅ, XangcpsS 'at\mòWnbw kpµc \mÀ' BbXv.

]gb XncphnXmwIqdnse BZy_ncpZm\´c _ncpZ[mcnbmbn Adnbs¸SpóXv CtX kpµcw]nÅbmWv. hnZym`ymk Ime¯v At±lw _ncpZm\´c _ncpZ§Ä t\SnbXv. bqWnthgvknän tImtfPv Fóv ]nð¡me¯v Adnbs¸« Xncph\´]pcs¯ 'almcmPmkv tImtfPn'ð \nómWv. XXzimkv{Xambncpóp, hnjbw. A¡me¯v- almcmPmkv tImtfPnð {]n³kn¸mÄ BbncpóXv {]kn² Ncn{X ]ÞnX\mb tUm. tdm_À«v lmÀÆn Bbncpóp. ]nóoSv, ]n. kpµcw]nÅbpw almcmPmkv tImtfPnð {]^Êdmbn \nban¡ms¸SpIbpïmbn. A¡me¯mWv 'hÀ¡e Xpc¦w' \nÀ½n¡s¸«Xv. ]ïv, tIcf¯nð ]ckv]cw _Ôs¸SmsX InSó Imbep Isf I\mepIÄ \nÀ½n¨v- _Ôs¸Sp¯nbXnð cmP`cW¯n³sd kw`mh\ AhnkvacWnbamWv. cmPhmgvNsb FXnÀ¡póhÀ C¯cw t\«§Ä Xncn¨dnbmdnñ. dmWn Kucn]mÀÆXn `mbnbpsS Ime¯v Xncph\´]pc0 Ið]m¡Shv apXð hÀ¡eIpóphscbpÅ {][m\ ImbepIsf _Ôs¸Sp¯m³ \nÀ½n¨ I\memWv, ]mÀÆXn ]p¯\mÀ. Cu kuIcyw D]tbmKs¸Sp¯n hůnð hÀ¡e¡póp hscsb¯n Ipóp Ibdnbnd§n Imð\Sbmbn«mWv BfpIÄ Be¸pg, sIm¨n {]tZi§fntebv¡v bm{X sNbvXncpóXv. CXn\p ]cnlmcapïm¡m\mWv hÀ¡e Ipóp Xpcóv Hcp Xpc¦w \nÀ½n¨Xv. Bbneyw Xncp\mfns³d Ime¯v, kÀ am[hdmhp Znhm\mbncns¡bmWv Hcp {_n«ojv-Imc³sd taðt\m«¯nð Cu Ipóp Xpcóv Xpc¦w \nÀ½n¨v KXmKX amÀ¤w \o«nbXv. hÀ¡e Xpc¦w \nÀ½n¨t¸mÄ e`n¨ hs«gp¯nepÅ Nne tcJIÄ B[mcam¡n ]n.kpµcw]nÅ XncphnXmw Iqdn³sd Ncn{Xw kw_Ôamb Hcp {]_Ôw X¿mdm¡pIbpïmbn. AXmWv- Some Early Sovereigns of Travancore, 1894.
XncphnXmwIqdns\¡pdn¨v FgpXs¸« BZy Ncn{XcN\. {_n«ojv- cmÚnbnð \nópt]mepw kpµcw]nÅbv¡v Cu {]_ÔcN\bv¡v BZchv e`n¨n«pïv. XpSÀóv, kpµcw ]nÅbpsS At]£{]ImcamWv, kwØm\¯n\v kz´ambn ]pcmhkvXp hIp¸v Øm]n¡phm³ {ioaqew Xncp\mÄ cmahÀ½ X¿mdmIpóXv. ]pcmhkvXp hIp¸n³sd BZy Xeh\mbn ]n.kpµcw ]nÅ Xsó \nban¡s¸«p. ]n.kpµcw]nÅbv¡v dmhp _lZqÀ Øm\w \ðIn BZcn¨Xv IqSmsX XncphnXmwIqdns\¡pdn¨v kpµcw]nÅ X¿mdm¡nb {]_Ô¯n\pÅ ]mcntXmjnIambn almcmPmhv, acpXpwaqe Fóv! Aódnbs¸«ncpó Cós¯ t]cqÀ¡Sbnð, \qtd¡À Øew A\phZn¨p \ðIpIbpapïmbn. kpµcw]nÅ, almcmPmkv tImtfPnð X³sd {]n³kn¸mÄ Bbncpó tUm. tdm_À«v lmÀÆnbpsS kvacW \ne\nÀ¯m³ ]mcntXmjnIambn In«nb Øe¯n\v 'lmÀhn]pcw' Fóp0 AhnsS At±lw ]WnIgn¸n¨ aµnc¯n\v 'lmÀhn]pcw _w¥mhv' Fóp0 t]cn«p.

Fómð, ]nð¡me¯v kpµcw ]nÅbpsS GI]p{X³ \ScmP]nÅ (1891--,1966) tZiob kzX{´ kac¯n³sd `mKambn cq]oIrXamb kvtääv tIm¬{Kknð tNÀóv AXn³sd BZy sk{I«dnbmbn {]hÀ¯n¡pIbpw {_n«njv kÀ¡mcn\pw Znhm³ Bbncpó kÀ kn]nbpsS AXn{Ia§Ä¡pw FXnsc {]t£m`w \S¯pIbpw sNbvXt¸mÄ £p`nX\mb kÀ kn]n Cu \qtd¡À Øew DÄs¸sSbpÅ \ScmP³]nÅbpsS ss]XrI hkvXp¡Ä IïpsI«n. kzX{´m\´cw C{]Imcw IïpsI«nb `qan bYmÀ° DSaIÄ¡v Xncn¨p sImSp¯t¸mÄ, Aóv kzX{´ 'tIcf'¯nse BZy [\a{´n Bbncpó \ScmP³]nÅ B `qan XncnsI kzoIcn¡mXncpóXv aqew AXv kÀ¡mÀ BkvXnbmbn amdpIbpïmbn. 'lmÀhn]pcw Ipón'\p apIfnð ]n.kpµcw]nÅ X\n¡pw X³sd ]n³XpSÀ¨¡mÀ¡pambn \nÀ½n¨ _w¥mhmWv, Cós¯ a{´n aµncamb 'a³taml³ _w¥mhv'. tIcf¯nse BZys¯ [\a{´n¡v A§s\ \ãamb B a{´naµnc¯nemWv, Cós¯ [\Imcya{´n io. sFk¡v tXmakv Xmakn¡póXv FóXv bmZrNnIamImw.

X³sd ssIhiw Dïmbncpó t]cqÀ¡Sbnse tijn¨ hkvXphnð X³sd ]nXmhmb kpµcw]nÅbpsS HmÀ½bv¡mbn \ScmP³ ]nÅ 'kpµc hnemkw kv-IqÄ' Fó t]cnð Hcp hnZymebw \S¯nbncpóp. Cu hnZymebw At±lw ]nð¡me¯v kÀ¡mcn\p hn«psImSp¡pIbpïmbn. AXmWv-, t]cqÀ¡Sbnse Cós¯ ']n Fkv \ScmP]nÅ sat½mdnbð KhÀsaâv t_mbvkv lbÀ sk¡ïdn kv-IqÄ' Fó kÀ¡mÀ hnZymebw. 'kpµc hnemkw kv-IqÄ' GsäSp¯ kÀ¡mÀ ]nónSv AXn\p ]n Fkv \ScmP ]nÅ sat½mdnbð kvIqÄ Fóp t]cpsImSp¡p t¼mÄ \ScmP]nÅtbmSpÅ BZchv {]ISn¸n¨v At±l¯n³sd ]qÀWImb {]Xna Øm]n¡pw Fóp ]dªncpóp. Fómð, ]Xnhpt]mse Hópw kw`hn¨nñ. Be¸pgbnepsS dbnðth XpS§p t¼mÄ 'Be¸pgbnepsS Xohïn¸mX' Fó kz]v\w km£mð¡cn¡m³ {]bXv\n¨ Hma\¸nÅbpsS OmbmNn{Xw dbnðth kvtäj\nð Øm]n¡pw Fóp kwØm\a{´namcpsS kmón²y¯nð Aós¯ sdbnðth a{´n {]Jym]n¨ncpóp. hÀj§Ä Gsd Ignªn«pw A§s\ Hcp OmbmNn{Xw dbnðth kvtäj\nð DbÀón«nñ. ']n Fkv \ScmP]nÅ sat½mdnbð KhÀsaâv t_mbvkv lbÀ sk¡ïdn kv-IqÄ' Im¼knð DbÀ¯pw Fóp kÀ¡mÀ {]Jym]n¨ \ScmP]nÅbpsS ]qÀWImb {]XnabpsS ØnXnbpw adn¨mbncpónñ.

'at\mòWnbw kpµc\mÀ' Fó ]n.kpµcw]nÅ 1897 G{]nð 26 \p \mð]¯n cïmas¯ hbÊnð acWaSªp. inhImanb½mfmbncpóp, kpµcw ]nÅbpsS `mcy. B Z¼XnIÄ¡v Hcp aI³ am{XamWv DïmbncpóXv. At±lambncpóp, \ScmP³ ]nÅ. Fómð, cïp XhW hnhmlnX\mb \ScmP]nÅ bv¡v a¡Ä ]´ïv Bbncpóp. aqóv- B¬a¡fpw H³]Xv- s]¬a¡fpw. BZy `mcybmb e£vanb½mfpsS acWtijamWv At±lw tImafw A½mfns\ hnhmlw sNbvXXv. shÅn¡cïnbpambn P\n¨v cm{ãnbtkh\¯n³sd t]cnð DÅXp apgph³ cmPy¯n\p sImSp¯v, HópanñmsX IS¡mc\mbn hmSIho«nð Pohn¨p acn¨ \ScmP³]nÅsb Cós¯ cm{ãnb¡mÀ¡pw AhcpsS AWnIÄ¡pw a\Ênemhnñ. ImcWw Ahcnð ]ecpw cm{ãnbw hcpam\amÀ¤am¡nb hcm\v. ]t£, aebmfn F§s\bmWv kpµcw ]nÅsbbpw \ScmP]nÅsbbpw ad¡pI ?

A\p_Ôw:
A³]¯nsbmóp hÀjw ap³]v Hcp P\phcn 10 \mWv \ScmP³]nÅbpsS acWw. Cu hÀjw P\phcn 10\p Xsó em A¡mZanbnð hnZymÀYnIfpsS {]t£m`¯n\v XpS¡w Ipdn¡s¸«Xpw Xakv¡cn¡s¸« kXy§Ä shfn¨s¸«Xpw bmZrNnIamtWm ?

]n.kpµcw ]nÅbpsS 'lmÀhn]pcw _w¥mhv' Fó Cós¯ 'a³taml³ _w¥mhv' Fó a{´naµnc¯nð Xmakn¡thbmWv cmP³ tIÊnð s]«v a{´n sI. IcpWmIc³ cmPnsh¨p HgntbïnhóXv, AXv, bmZrNnIamtWm? 'a³taml³ _w¥mhv' Fó a{´naµnc¯nð Xmakn¡th XsóbmWv ]ôm_v tamUð {]kwKtIÊnð s]«v a{´n _meIrjvW]nÅbv¡v cmPnsh¨p Hgntbïn hóXv. AXpw bmZrNnIamtWm?
 
]nónSv, ChnsS Xmak¯n\p hó Fw.hn.Bdn\p a{´nØm\w \ãambXpw bmZrNnIamtWm ? ]nsó, a{´namÀ Ibdm³ aSn¨ B ]gb a{´naµnc ¯nð AÔhnizmk§sf XÅn¸dªp sImïv Ct¸mÄ Xmak¯n\v F¯nbncn¡pó [\a{´nbmb Be¸pg¡mc³ {io. tXmakv-- sFk¡ns\ Im¯ncn¡póXv F´mWmthm..! \ñXn\mbncn¡ptam?
 
Hcp]s£ GtXm ]nÅbmWv, AsXmcp alm\mb ]nÅbmsWóv, B ]nÅbpsS kòt\m`mhw \ðInb HuZmcyw \mSn\p {]tbmP\amIpIbmWv thïsXópw, B ]nÅbpsS a¡Ä Zmcn{Zy¯nð Ignbpt¼mÄ asämcp \mbÀ AXv hf¨psI«n tImSnIÄ kz´am¡nbXv XncnsIsbSp¡m³ \nan¯amIpIbmtWm?

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